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Leaders of Renaissance in Kerala -Dr. P.Palpu (1863-1950)

1. Dr Palpu was a relentless fighter for the cause of the Ezhavas in Kerala.

2. Sarojini Naidu praised him one of the greatest revolutionaries in India. He was the founder of ‘Travancore Ezhava Sabha’.

3. It was the efforts of Dr Palpu marked the beginning of the long drawn out struggle to be waged by the backward classes within the Hindu community in Travancore for securing social equality and justice. Thus he has a prominent position among the leaders of Renaissance of Kerala.

4. Dr Palpu was born on 2nd November 1863 at Pettah in Thiruvananthapuram. He was the first medical graduate from Ezhava community in Travancore.

5. As there was no opportunity for him to serve in Travancore government service, he joined the medical service of the neighbouring state of Mysore.

6. Dr.Palpu was the third signatory in the Malayali Memorial (1891), a mass petition signed by 10038 persons submitted before Sree Mulam Tirunal, the King of Travancore which marked the beginning of the united social effort in the state to press the demands of the backward classes.

7. On the initiative of Dr.Palpu, a mass memorial signed by 13176 members of Ezhava community was presented to Sree Mulam Tirunal on 3rd September 1896.

8. This document known as Ezhava memorial of 1896 demanded that the Ezhavas should be made beneficiaries of all those rights and privileges which were being enjoyed by their brethren who had become converts to Christianity.

9. The Government’s reply to the Ezhava memorial was too equally frustrating and reactionary in tone and content.

10. Disappointed by the attitude of the Government of Travancore, another
memorial was submitted before Lord Curzon, the Viceroy when he visited Travancore. This is known as Ezhava Memorial of 1900.

11. This also was not considered favourably. Thus the Ezhava memorials failed to produce any tangible result.

12. Dr Palpu took initiative to establish Sree Narayana Dharma Paripalana Yogam in 1903.

13. It was the advice given by Swami Vivekananda to associate with some spiritual person in his effort to fight for the rights of the Ezhavas that drew him to Sri Narayana Guru.

14. Dr.Palpu spent the major share of his income for the activities of SNDP Yogam.

15. He called Kumaranasan as ‘Chinna Swami’.(‘Periya Swami’ was Narayana Guru)

16. He passed away on 25th January 1950.

17. Dr Nataraja Guru, who founded Sree Narayana Gurukulam for the propagation of the ideals of Sri Narayana Guru was the son of Dr Palpu.

Questions Related to Ayyankali

1.Whom Sarojini Naidu dubbed as ‘The Immortal Personality among The
Great revolutionaries in India’?

2.Who is regarded as the connecting link between Swami Vivekananda
and Sri Narayana Guru?

3.The first member of Ezhava community in Travancore to become a medical graduate.

4.Who was advised by Swami Vivekananda to establish an organisation for the upliftment of backward communities in Travancore?

5.The third signatory of Ezhava Memorial?

6.Who gave financial assistance to Kumaranasan for his studies in Bangalore and Kolkata?

7.The first leader to make an attempt to organize the members of Ezhava community in Travancore?

8.Who authored the treatise ‘Treatment of Thiyyas in Travancore?

9.The founder of Travancore Ezhava Sabha.

10.Who took initiative to submit The Ezhava Memorial of 1896