Indian Railways

  • Indian Railways is Asia’s largest and the World’s second largest railway system under single management.
  • The biggest public sector undertaking and the largest single employed in India: Indian Railways
  • Indian Railways is the second biggest electrified railway system in the World after Russia.
  • Indian Railways operate in three different gauges
    • Broad Guage (1676 metre width)
    • Metre Guage (1 metre width)
    • Narrow Guage (0.762 metre and 0.610 metre)
  • The first train service in India :

    Bombay to Thane

  • The first railway service was introduced in :

    1853 April 16

  • The railway was introduced in India by :

    Lord Dalhousie

  • The first electric train in India :

    Deccan Queen (was introduced in 1925 between Kalyan and Pune).

  • Indian Railways was nationalised in :


  • Total Number of Railway zone is ;


  • Total Number of Railway divisions :


  • In 1991, Indian Railways introduced the world’s first hospital on wheels to provide medical aid in rural areas called :

    Life Line Express (Jeevan Rekha)

  • The first private train in India :

    Palace on Wheels

  • The luxurious train that services through the tourist centres of Rajasthan  Palance on Wheels
  • Mass Rapid Transit System was introduced in 1995 in :


  • Railway Staff College is at :


  • The online reservation system launched by the State Bank of India (SBI) :


  • Indian Railways has converted the number of trains into 5 digits from :

    December 20, 2010

  • First railway station in India :

    Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (Mumbai)

  • The railway station which got place in World Heritage site by UNESCO is :

    Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus 

  • Former name of Shivaji Terminus: Victoria Terminus Station
  • The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway is a narrow gauge railway in West Bengal.
    • It was declared a world heritage site by UNESCO in 1999.
  • The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is a metre gauge railway in Nilgiri Hills in Tamil Nadu.
    • UNESCO added the Nilgiri Mountain Railway as a World Heritage site :

       July 2005

  • The Kalka-Shimla Railway is a narrow gauge railway in the Shivalik mountains in Himachal Pradesh
  • Indian Railway museum :

    Chanakyapuri (Delhi)

  • Highest railway station in India :

    Ghum Railway Station (Darjeeling)

  • World’s longest railway platform :

    Gorakhpur Station (Uttar Pradesh 1350 meters)

  • The longest distance travelling train in India :

    Dibragarh Kanyakumari Vivek Express

    • It joins Dibrugarh Town in Assam, North-East India to Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu which is the Southernmost tip of mainland India. It travels distance of 4286 kms in 82:30 hrs (almost 4 days)
  • The train passes through the most number of states :

    Mangalapuram – Jammu Tawi Navayug Express

  • The state in India which have no railway :


  • Computer Railway Reservation System was introduced by the Indian Railways in 1988,
  • The World’s working steam locomotive engine :

    Fairy Queen (Fairy Queen runs in India for tourism promotion).

  • Indian Railways celebrated its 150th anniversary on :

     April 16, 2002

  • The Mascot of Indian Railways :

    The elephant called Bholu which represents the work of a guard

  • The largest Railway zone :

    Northern Railway

  • The headquarters of Indian Railways :

    Baroda House (New Delhi)

  • The Luxurious train that services through the tourist centres of Maharashtra :

    Deccan Odyssey

  • The train that services through the tourist centres of Gujarat and Rajasthan :

    Royal Orient train

  • Train connecting popular tourist destinations in Karnataka and Goa :

    Golden Chariot

  • The latest most luxurious train in India :

    Maharajas (Mumbai – Delhi)

  • The luxury tourist train launched in January 2009 following the success of the Palace on wheels :

    Royal Rajasthan on wheels

  • Passenger train service connecting New Delhi with other state capitals introduced in 1969 :

    Rajdhani Express.

  • The train service started to commemorate the centenary of Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru’s birthday in 1988 :

     Shatabdi Train

  • Shatabdi Train was first operated from New Delhi to Gwalior, later extended to Jhansi and then finally to Bhopal.
  • The tourist train connecting historical Buddhist pilgrim sites :

    Buddha Parikrama Express.

  • Budha Parikrama Express was introduced in :


  • The train service connecting historical Sikh Pilgrim sites :

    Guru Parikarma Express

  • India’s fastest train :

    Gatimaan Express between New Delhi and Agra (It travels at a maximum speed of 160 per hour) introduced in June 2014.

  • Long distance non-stop trains run by the Indian railways :

    Duronto Express

  • India’s slowest train :

    Nilgiri Express (speed 10km/hr)

  • The AIDS/HIV awareness campaign train by the Indian Railway :

    Red Ribbon Express

  • The train service that connects important historical and educational places in various parts of the country :

    Janam Bhoomi Gaurav

  • The train service started to commemorate the 150th birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda :

    Vivek Express

    • Vivek Express runs between :

      D.Brugarh in Assam and Kanyakumari

  • The train service started to commemorate the 100th birth anniversary of MotherTheresa :

    Mother Express

  • The exhibition train service started to commemorate the 150th birth anniversary of Rabindra Nath Tagore :

     Sanskrit Express

  • First superfast train in India :

    Delhi-Howrah Rajdhani Express

  • First Double Decker express train in India :

    Howrah – Dhanbad

  • First Ac Double Decker express in South India :

     Chennai – Bangalore

  • An education tourist train connecting important places related to freedom movement :

    Azadi Express (introduced in 2014)

  • The train service introduced in railway budget 2014 to set up cabins equipped with computers, printers, internet and refreshment in a few coaches of selected trains :

    Office on Wheels

  • The service provided to train passengers to file FIR from any places during or after travel  Zero FIR.
  • The monthly magazine of Indian Railways :

     Indian Rail

  • Longest Rail Bridge in India :

    Vembanad Rail Bridge

    • It connects Edappally and Vallapadam in Kochi
  • The name given to Railways drinking water Project :


  • India’s longest railway tunnel :

    Pirpanjal tunnel in J&K (11 Kms)

  • The train that runs between Delhi (India) and Lahore (Pakistan) :

    Samjhauta Express

  • The train connecting Karachi (Pakistan) and Jodhpur (India) :

    Thar Express

  • The train that connects India’s Kolkata and Bangladesh Dhaka :

    Maitree Express

    • It has been revived on April 14, 2008, after being closed for 43 years.
  • Indian Railway Catering & Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) Headquarters :

    New Delhi

  • IRTC was incorporated on September 27, 1999
  • It handles catering, tourism and online ticketing operation of the railway.
  • The most expensive luxury train in the world :

    Maharaja Express

    • It is operated by IRCTC
    • It covers more than 12 destinations across North-West and Central India.
  • Fourth Rail manufacturing factory will be set up in Palakkad, Kerala on a Public Private Partnership (PPP) mode.
    • It would use Japanese Technology for the first time in India to roll out lighter coaches consuming less fuel.
  • First Railway Minister :

    John Mathai

  • First Women Railway Minister :

    Mamta Banerjee

  • First Woman Station Master in India :

    Rinku Sinha Roy

  • India’s First woman passenger train driver :

    Surekha Yadav on Mumbai Central Railway

  • The Konkan Railway, the 760 km rail system. It links Mangalore with Roha in Maharashtra.
  • Konkan railway started functioning in :

    1998 January 26

  • Konkan railway was built under the leadership of :

     E Sreedharan

  • E Sreedharan is popularly known as :

     Metro Man

  • First chairman and MD of Konkan railway :

     E Sreedharan

  • States through which Konkan railway pass :

    Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka

  • The service of Konkan railway where loaded trucks are directly carried by railway wagons to their destination :

    RoRo (Roll on Roll off)

  • Headquarters of Konkan Railway :

    Belapur (Navi Mumbai)

  • First Metro Rail in India :

    Calcutta (opened 1984-85)

  • The Second Metro Rail system was built in :

    New Delhi (2002)

  • The Metro Known as Namma Metro :

    Bangalore Metro

  • Namma Metro was inaugurated on :

    October 20, 2011

  • Mumbai Metro Rail Project was stated in :

    June 8th, 2014

  • India’s first Public Private Partnership (PPP) Metro Project (in which the three phases. The Construction, Operation and Maintenance were given to private players) :

    Mumbai Metro

  • The first Metro train to be built in India :


  • Metro railway in Kerala under construction :

    Kochi Metro (Extension work in progress)

  • The name of Kochi metro project :


  • India’s first fully privately funded metro project :

    Gurgaon’s Rapid Metro

    • It started functioning from :

       November 2013

  • The cities in Kerala proposed for the light metro project :

    Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikode

  • First monorail in India :


  • Mumbai monorail was started in :

    2014 February 1