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Assistant Constitution

Indian Constitution – 11

സ്റ്റേറ്റ് എമർജൻസി, സാമ്പത്തിക അടിയന്തിരാവസ്ഥ ഇന്ത്യയിലെ രാഷ്ട്രപതികളുടെ പ്രത്യേകതകൾ എന്നിവയാണ് ഇന്നത്തെ പാഠത്തിൽ ഉൾപ്പെടുത്തിയിരിക്കുന്നത്.

  • Article dealing with State emergency

Article 356

 

  • Reasons for declaring State emergency by president

Breakdown of constitutional machinery in the state, Failure of the state to comply with or to give effect to any direction given by the centre

 

  • How long will be a State emergency remain without parliamentary approval

Two months

 

  • Majority in Parliament needed for approving State emergency

Simple Majority

 

  • Majority in Parliament needed for approving National emergency

Special Majority

 

  • Who is responsible for the executive and legislative functions of a state under State emergency

President

 

  • Who is responsible for the functions of a state High court under State emergency

State high court

 

  • State emergency can be extended to a maximum period of

Three years (Approval of parliament needed in every six months)

 

  • Whenever President can revoke a State emergency

Any time

 

  • First state to undergo State emergency

Punjab (1951 June 21)

 

  • First state to undergo Presidential rule by dissolving elected state government using article 356

Kerala (1959 July 31)

 

  • The State in which Presidential rule implemented most no of times

Manipur

 

  • The State which was under Presidential rule for the longest duration

Punjab

 

  • Article dealing with Financial emergency

Article 360

 

  • Financial emergency declared by the president must be approved within

Two months

 

  • Majority needed for approval of Financial emergency

Simply majority

 

  • Emergency for which repeated approval is not needed by the Parliament

Financial emergency

 

  • Emergency which is not declared in India so far

Financial emergency

 

  • During Financial Emergency, money bills passed by the state should reserve for consideration of

President

 

  • During Financial emergency, salary reduction may applicable to

All persons serving Union and state including Supreme court and High court Judges

 

  • First President of India

Dr Rajendra Prasad

 

  • The only person who became President of India twice

Dr Rajendra Prasad

 

  • Longest serving President of India

Dr Rajendra Prasad

 

  • Shortest serving President of India

Dr Zakir Hussain

 

  • First President of India to win Bharatratna

Dr Rajendra Prasad

 

  • First Person to win Bharatratna while in harness

Dr S Radhakrishnan

 

  • First Prime Minister of India to win Bharatratna

Jawaharlal Nehru

 

  • First Muslim to become President of India

Dr Zakir Hussain

 

  • The President who translated Plato’s ‘Republic’ into the Urdu language

Dr Zakir Hussain

 

  • The first President of India to die in Harness

Dr Zakir Hussain

 

  • Second President of India to die in Harness

Fakrudin Ali Ahmed

 

  • The President who is known as educational philosopher

Dr Zakir Hussain

 

  • The President who is known as Philosopher president

Dr S Radhakrishnan

 

  • The President who is known as Bihar Gandhi

Dr Rajendra Prasad

 

  • The President who was elected with the largest percentage of votes in the presidential election

Dr Rajendra Prasad

 

  • The President who was elected with the highest majority votes in the presidential election

K R Narayanan

 

  • The President who was elected with the least majority votes in the presidential election (both in number and in percentage)

VV Giri

 

  • In the history of presidential election the only one to get elected after counting second preferential votes

VV Giri

 

  • The President who held the post of Governor of Kerala

VV Giri


(To be Continued…)