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Assistant Constitution

Indian Constitution – 10

പ്രസിഡന്റിന്റെ ഇമ്പീച്ച്മെൻറ്, അടിയന്തിരാവസ്ഥകൾ എന്നിവയുമായി ബന്ധപ്പെട്ട വിവരങ്ങൾ ഇന്നു പഠിക്കാം.

  • Article mentioning about the impeachment of President

Article 61

 

  • Only ground for the impeachment of President

Violation of the constitution

 

  • No of proposers needed to trigger an impeachment process of President in a house

One-fourth of the total members of the initiating house

 

  • Advance notice period given to the president for initiating impeachment process

14 Days

 

  • Percentage of vote needed to pass the impeachment bill of President in each house of the Parliament

2\3 majority of the total members of the house

 

  • Impeachment process of President is a

Quasi-judicial procedure

 

  • No of Presidents impeached in India

No Presidents impeached yet

 

  • Who is having the responsibilities of Indian President in his absence

Vice President

 

  • Who is having the responsibilities of Indian President in the absence of President and vice president

Chief Justice of Supreme court

 

  • Only Chief Justice of India who took charges of Indian President

Js. M Hidayathulla

 

  • Decisions on disputes relating to the eligibility of a Parliament member is made by

President

 

  • Who is announcing the policy declaration of the central government in the Parliament

President

 

  • No of members can be nominated to the Parliament by the president

14

 

  • No of members can be nominated to the Lok Sabha by the president

2 (Anglo-Indian representatives)

 

  • No of members can be nominated to the Rajya Sabha by the president

12

 

  • No of Emergencies in India

3 (National, State and Financial)

 

  • Who is proclaiming Emergencies in India

President of India

 

  • Article dealing with National Emergency

Article 352

 

  • Grounds for proclaiming National Emergency

War, External Aggression, Armed rebellion

 

  • Who is recommending the president to proclaim National Emergency in written format

The Cabinet

 

  • Situation for which Six freedoms offered by Article 19 sustain

Internal emergency (Due to armed rebellion)

 

  • Proclamation of National Emergency should be approved by both houses of Parliament within

One Month

 

  • With the approval of Parliament how long a National Emergency can continue

Six Months

 

  • How long a National Emergency can continue with the approval of Parliament

Indefinitely (With approval in every six months)

 

  • Federal Constitution of India become Unitary one during

National emergency

 

  • During National Emergency, who is responsible for making laws on subjects included in state list

Parliament

 

  • Maximum validity of State laws made by Parliament at the time of National Emergency

6 months after expiry of emergency

 

  • At the time of National Emergency, the normal tenure of the Lok Sabha and state legislative assemblies extended for

One year

 

  • How long tenure of an elected legislative can extend at the time of National Emergency

Indefinitely (Approval of parliament needed every year)

 

  • Extended tenure of an elected legislative should be cancelled after the emergency in

Six months

 

  • Tenure of which Lok Sabha was extended by Parliament

5th Lok Sabha (1971-77)

 

  • How many times National Emergencies declared in India

Three times

 

  • First National Emergency was proclaimed by

Dr. S Radhakrushnan on 26th October 1962

 

  • Reason for First National Emergency was

Chinese Aggression

 

  • First National Emergency was revoked by

Zakir Hussain on 10th January 1968

 

  • Second National Emergency was proclaimed by

VV Giri on 3rd December 1971

 

  • Reason for Second National Emergency was

Indo-Pak war

 

  • Third National Emergency was proclaimed by

Fakrudin Ali Ahmed on 25th June 1975

 

  • First Internal Emergency or Third National emergency was due to

Internal Disturbance

 

  • Violence during third National Emergency was enquired by

Shah Commission

 

  • Longest National Emergency

Second National emergency (5 Years 3 months and 18 days)

 

  • Second and Third National Emergency was revoked by

BD Jetty on 21st March 1977

 

  • The term Internal Disturbance was substituted by Armed Rebellion by which Amendment act

44th Constitutional amendment act


(To be Continued…)