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Assistant Constitution

Indian Constitution – 05

ഭരണഘടനയുടെ ഒന്നാം ഭാഗം, സംസ്ഥാനങ്ങളുടെ രൂപീകരണം, പുനരേകീകരണം തുടങ്ങിയ കാര്യങ്ങളാണ് ഇന്നത്തെ പാഠത്തിൽ ഉൾപ്പെടുത്തിയിരിക്കുന്നത്.

  • Article 1 of India constitution defined India as

India, that is Bharat, shall be a Union of states

 

  • Indian constitution is described as

Federal in term but unitary in nature

 

  • Nature of Indian constitution is called as

Quasi-Federal

 

  • First part of Indian constitution is discussing about

Union and its Territory

 

  • Who has the privilege to form new states, alter the boundaries, rename states etc

Parliament

 

  • Reason for calling India as “Indestructible union of destructible states”

The very existence of a state depends upon Parliamnet\Centre

 

  • Example of “Indestructible union of Indestructible states”

American Federation

 

  • Majority needed to form a new state by the parliament is

Simple Majority

 

  • Article deals with formation of new states

Article 3

 

  • Parliament bill related to the formation\alteration of states needs prior recommendation from

The President

 

  • No of princely states at the time of Indian Independence

565

 

  • The three princely states which not joined Indian union at the time of Independence

Kashmir, Junagarh, Hyderabad

 

  • Princely state which was added to India through the Instrument of Accession

Kashmir

 

  • Princely state which was added to India through referendum

Junagarh

 

  • Princely state which was added to India through Military operation

Hyderabad

 

  • Military operation by India to annex Hyderabad to the Union

Operation Polo

 

  • Man behind the unification of India

Sardar Vallabhai Patel

 

  • Secretary to the department of states which formed for the unification of princely states

VP Menon

 

  • Malayali who supported Sardar Patel for the unification of princely states

VP Menon

 

  • Chairman of the linguistic provinces commision appointed by Govt of India in 1948

SK Dhar

 

  • Members of the linguistic provinces committee (JVP Committee) appointed by INC 1948

Jawaharlal Nehru, Vallabhai Patel, Pattabhi Sita Ramayya

 

  • First state formed on the base of language

Andhra

 

  • Andhra state formed on

1953 October 1st

 

  • Revolutionary who lost his life in hunger strike for Andhra state

Potty Sreeramulu (56 days hunger strike)

 

  • Revolutionary, who called as “Amarajeevi”

Potty Sreeramulu

 

  • Chairman of State re-organization commission appointed by Govt of India in 1953

Fazal Ali

 

  • Other members of Fazal Ali commission

Sardar KM Panicker and HN Khunsru

 

  • State re-organization Act 1956 is recommended by

Fazal Ali Commission

 

  • No of states and Union Territories formed on 1956 Nov 1

14 states and 6 Union Territories

 

  • States and formed on 1956 Nov 1

Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bombay, Jammu and Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Madras, Mysore, Orissa, Punjab. Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal

 

  • Union Territories formed on 1956 Nov 1

Himachal Pradesh, Andaman Nicobar, Delhi, Lakshadweep, Manipur and Tripura

 

  • Criterion for State re-organization in 1956 was

Language

 

  • The 15th State of India

Gujarat (1960)

 

  • The 25th State of India

Goa (1987)

 

  • Goa liberated from Portuguese in

1961

 

  • The 26th State of India

Utharakhand (2000)

 

  • The 27th State of India

Chathisgad (2000)

 

  • The 28th State of India

Jharkhand (2000)

 

  • The 29th State of India

Telangana (2014 June 2)


(To be continued…)