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General Science – 02

  •  Father of Biology?

 

Ans : Aristotle

 

  • The term’ Biology’ is coined by which French naturalist?

 

Ans : Jean Lamarck.

 

  • Father of Natures History/ Father of Biology?

 

Ans : Aristotle

 

  • Father of Botany?

 

Ans : Theophrastus

 

  • Father of DNA Finger Printing?

 

Ans : Prof.Alec Jeffreys
  •  Father of Genetics?

 

Ans : Gregor John Mendel

 

  • Father of Parasitology?

 

Ans : Platter

 

  • Father of Gene therapy?

 

Ans : Anderson

 

  • Father of Ethology?

 

Ans : Konrad Lorentz

 

  •  Father of Antibiotics?

 

Ans : Alexander Fleming

 

  • Father of Taxonomy?

 

Ans : Carolus Linnaeus

 

  •  Father ofImmunology?

 

Ans : Edward Jenner

 

  •  Father of Microbiology?

 

Ans : Louis Pasteur

 

  • Father of Pathology?

 

Ans : Rudolph Virchow

 

  •  Father of Cytology?

 

Ans : Robert Hook

 

  •  Father of Bacteriology?

 

Ans : Robert Koch

 

  • Father of Blood Circulation?

 

Ans : William Harvey

 

  •  Father of Virology?

 

Ans : W.M.Stanley

 

  • Father of Conditioned Reflex?

 

Ans : Ivan Pavlov

 

  • Father of Modem Embryology?

 

Ans : Ernst von Baer

 

  • “Cell” which is the smallest and fundamental unit of life was discovered by?

 

Ans : Robert Hook in 1665 and published under the title Micrographia.

 

  • The largest cell is?

 

Ans : Egg of Ostrich.

 

  •  The largest human cell is?

 

Ans : Ovum.

 

  • Which is the longest cell in the human body?

 

Ans : Nerve cell(neuron)

 

  • The number of chromosomes in a human cell is?

 

Ans : 23 pairs (46 number)

 

  •  The cell with the longest lifespan of our body is?

 

Ans : Nerve Cell

 

  •  A.T.P (Adenosine Triphosphate) synthesise is the function of?

 

Ans : Mitochondria

 

  • What is known as the powerhouse of the cell?

 

Ans : Mitochondria

 

  • What is known as “suicide bags”?

 

Ans : Lysosomes

 

  •  List the Diseases Caused By Bacteria?

 

Ans : Leprosy; Tetanus; Whooping Cough; Typhoid Fever; Cholera; Plague; Tuberculosis; Meningitis; Bacterial Pneumonia; Diarrhoea; Diphtheria; Bacterial dysentery; Anthrax; Syphilis and Gonorrhoea.