Assistant Facts on Kerala

Districts of Kerala – Idukki

  • Year of formation: 1972, January 26


  • Headquarters: Painav


  • Major rivers: Periyar and its tributaries


  • Idukki lost the position of the biggest district when Kuttampuzha village in Idukki district was given to Ernakulam district.


  • District without railway line.


  • The Mullapperiyar dam, a bone of contention between Kerala and Tamil Nadu, is built across Periyar near Kumaly in Idukki district.


  • The district with the lowest density of population.


  • The district with lowest sex ratio.


  • The district with the largest area under forest cover.


  • Known as the treasure house of spices.


  • First spice park in Kerala: Puttadi


  • The first hydroelectric project in Kerala – Pallivasal, The highest arch dam in India – Idukki (across river Periyar), Chenkulam dam, Neriyamangalam dam, Idamalayar dam etc. are in Idukki district.


  • The only Sandalwood forest in Kerala is at Marayur in Idukki district. Marayur is a rainshadow region.


  • The highest peak in Kerala, and in South India – Anamudi (2695 m) is in Idukki district, near Munnar.


  • Idukki district has the speciality of having the biggest Assembly constituency in Kerala (Udumpunchola), the biggest Panchayat (Kumaly) and the smallest Panchayat (Vattavada).


  • Idukki district leads in the production of tea and cardamom.


  • The main health resorts of Idukki district are Munnar, Devikulam, Peerumede, Thekkady.


  • Munnar is called ‘Kashmir of the South’.


  • Eravikulam National Park, established in 1978 to protect the Nilgiri Tahr, wildlife sanctuaries like Chinnar and Periyar, Powerhouse at Moolamattom, Indo-Swiss Project (for breeding high yield cattle) at Mattupetty and the wind energy production centre at Ramakkalmedu are the other attractions of Idukki district.


  • Idukki district has the largest number of National Parks (4) and wildlife sanctuaries (4) in Kerala.


  • The first National Park in Kerala (Eravikulam) and the first wildlife sanctuary in Kerala (Periyar) are in Idukki district.


  • The biggest wildlife sanctuary in Kerala is Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary.