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Assistant IT & Cyber Laws

Cyber Laws – 08

ഇന്ത്യയുടെ സ്വന്തം ഓപ്പറേറ്റിംഗ് സിസ്റ്റം ആയ ബോസ്, സൂപ്പർ കമ്പ്യൂട്ടറുകൾ, പ്രോഗ്രാമിങ് ലാംഗ്വേജ്, ട്രാൻസ്‌ലേറ്ററുകൾ എന്നീ പ്രധാന ഭാഗങ്ങളിൽ നിന്നുള്ള ചോദ്യങ്ങളാണ് ഇന്നത്തെ പാഠത്തിൽ.

  • Which is known as India’s own PC Operating System

BOSS GNU/Linux

 

  • BOSS stands for

Bharat Operating System Solutions

 

  • No of languages supported by BOSS

18

 

  • BOSS was developed by

C-DAC, Chennai

 

  • BOSS was developed in

2007

 

  • The sequence of logical steps used in the computer to solve a problem

Algorithm

 

  • Pictorial representation of algorithm is called

Flowchart

 

  • Algorithm expressed using a precise notation which can be executed by a computer is called

Program

 

  • Super Computer series developed by C-DAC

PARAM

 

  • C-DAC was set up in

1988

 

  • First director of C-DAC

Dr Vijay P Bhatkar

 

  • Super Computer developed by ISRO in 2011

SAGA 220

 

  • Super Computer developed by India are

PARAM, EKA, Kabru, Blue Gene

 

  • Super Computer developed by NASA named after Kalpana Chawla

KC

 

  • World’s fastest Super Computer

Sunway Taihulight (China)

 

  • World’s first Super Computer

CDC 6600

 

  • India’s first Super Computer

PARAM 8000

 

  • India’s fastest Super Computer

PARAM Yuva II

 

  • First Super Computer reached teraflop speed

ASCI Red

 

  • India’s Super Computer launched in Sikkim

PARAM Kanchenjunga

 

  • Processing speed of Super Computer is measured in

Flops (Floating Point Operations Per Second)

 

  • Language that can be used to create programs is called

Programming language

 

  • Two types of low-level languages are

Machine languages and Assembly languages

 

  • Only one language understood by computer is

Machine languages

 

  • Low level language which using Binary language (0’s and 1’s)

Machine languages

 

  • Low level language which using symbolic codes (mnemonics)

Assembly Language

 

  • Programming language which using English words and familiar Mathematical symbols

High-level languages

 

  • Examples of High level languages

BASIC, FORTRAN, COBOL. C, C++, Java, Python, Visual Basic

 

  • Programming language used for business data processing

COBOL (Common Business Oriented Language)

 

  • Language used for the creation of web pages

HTML, PHP, Java Script etc

 

  • HTML stands fot

Hypertext Markup Language

 

  • HTML was developed by

Tim Berners Lee

 

  • Programming language which is formally known as Oak

Java

 

  • Java was developed by

James A Glossing

 

  • Java was developed by which company

Sun Micro Systems

 

  • C Language was developed by

Dennis Ritchie

 

  • C++ Language was developed by

Stroustrup

 

  • C#, VB, .Net etc were developed by which company

Microsoft

 

  • Error in a computer program is known as

Bug

 

  • The process of eliminating errors in programs

Debugging

 

  • Programs used to convert a program written in other languages to machine language

Translators

 

  • Examples of translators

Assembler, Compiler, Interpreter

 

  • Translator which converts assembly language program into machine language

Assembler

 

  • Translators which converts high-level language into machine language

Compiler and Interpreter

 

  • Translators which takes the entire program as input and convert into machine language

Compiler (Eg: C Compiler)

 

  • Translators which takes single instruction at a time as input and convert into machine language

Interpreter (Eg: Basic)

 

  • A line by line translators

Interpreter


(To be Continued…)