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Assistant IT & Cyber Laws

Cyber Laws – 07

കമ്പ്യൂട്ടറുമായി ബന്ധപ്പെട്ട പ്രധാന വ്യക്തികൾ, സോഫ്റ്റ്‌വെയർ, ഹാർഡ്‌വെയർ, ഓപ്പറേറ്റിംഗ് സിസ്റ്റം എന്നിവയുമായി ബന്ധപ്പെട്ട ചോദ്യങ്ങളാണ് ഇന്നത്തെ പാഠത്തിൽ ഉൾപ്പെട്ടിട്ടുള്ളത്.

  • Father of Computer

Charles Babbage

 

  • Father of Computer Science

Alan Turing

 

  • Father of Information Technology

Claude Shannon

 

  • Father of Information Technology in India

Rajiv Gandhi

 

  • Father of Internet

Vinton Cerf

 

  • Father of free software\ Founder of free software movement

Richard Stallman

 

  • Father of supercomputer

Seymour Cray

 

  • Father of Indian supercomputer

Dr. Vijay P Bhatkar

 

  • Father of Artificial Intelligence

John McCarthy

 

  • Physical equipment and components of a computer that can be seen and touched

Hardware (Eg : Motherboard, Keyboard, Mouse, Printer)

 

  • A printed circuit board (PCB) that contains electronic component systems such as CPU, network card etc

Mother Board

 

  • Set of instructions given to computer written in particular language to control and coordinate computer hardware

Software

 

  • People who develop software are known as

Programmers

 

  • First computer programmer

Ada Lovelace

 

  • Softwares that designed to run hardware and application programs of the computer is called

System software

 

  • Examples of system software

Operating system, Utility software, device drivers etc

 

  • Softwares that designed to help the user to perform specific tasks

Application Softwares

 

  • Examples of application software

MS Office, Media players, Tally etc

 

  • The term “free software” was coined by

Richard Stallman

 

  • Software which does not give the user freedom to study, modify and share the software

Proprietary Software (Eg : MS Windows, Tally)

 

  • Proprietary Software which provided to users only for a limited period of time on a trial basis

Shareware (Trialware)

 

  • Software which gives user freedom to study, modify and share the software

Free\Open source Software (Eg : Linux, Firefox, Python)

 

  • The autonomous institution under the Govt. of Kerala with the objective of coordinating free and open source software initiatives withing Kerala

ICFOSS (International Centre for Free and Open Source Software)

 

  • Combination of software and hardware is known as

Firmware

 

  • Computer chips that have programs recorded on them are known as

Firmware

 

  • Type of software which are copyrighted but still can be used for free

Firmware

 

  • Software which available on hardware is known as

Firmware

 

  • Examples of firmware

ROM, EPROM, Flash memory

 

  • Firmware is stored in

ROM

 

  • Collection of programs which control the overall operations of the computer

Operating System

 

  • Which is acting as an interface between computer hardware and user

Operating System

 

  • Important operating systems are

DOS, Linux, Windows, Mac OS, Unix, Ubuntu etc

 

  • Windows OS was developed by

Microsoft

 

  • Founders of Microsoft

Bill Gates and Paul Allen

 

  • The first version of Windows

Windows 1.0

 

  • Windows operating system for mobile phones

Windows mobile

 

  • Android operating system is currently developed by

Google

 

  • Versions of Android

Cupcake, Sandwich, Gingerbread, Jelly Bean, Kitkat, Lolipop, Marshmallow, Nougat, Oreo

 

  • Latest version of Android

Oreo

 

  • First chat operating system in the world

Flock OS

 

  • Linux OS was developed by

Linus Benedict Torvalds

 

  • First fully supported 64-bit OS

Linux

 

  • Mac OC (Macintosh OS) was developed by

Apple

 

  • Versions of Mac OS

Leopard, Snow leopard, Mountain Lion, Mavericks

 

  • OS in which assembly language was first used

UNIX

 

  • Unix associated OS developed by IBM

AIX

 

  • Process of loading OS in the memory when computer is switched ON is called

Booting

 

  • Latest version of Windows OS

Windows 10


(To be Continued…)