Assistant IT & Cyber Laws

Cyber Laws – 07

കമ്പ്യൂട്ടറുമായി ബന്ധപ്പെട്ട പ്രധാന വ്യക്തികൾ, സോഫ്റ്റ്‌വെയർ, ഹാർഡ്‌വെയർ, ഓപ്പറേറ്റിംഗ് സിസ്റ്റം എന്നിവയുമായി ബന്ധപ്പെട്ട ചോദ്യങ്ങളാണ് ഇന്നത്തെ പാഠത്തിൽ ഉൾപ്പെട്ടിട്ടുള്ളത്.

  • Father of Computer

Charles Babbage


  • Father of Computer Science

Alan Turing


  • Father of Information Technology

Claude Shannon


  • Father of Information Technology in India

Rajiv Gandhi


  • Father of Internet

Vinton Cerf


  • Father of free software\ Founder of free software movement

Richard Stallman


  • Father of supercomputer

Seymour Cray


  • Father of Indian supercomputer

Dr. Vijay P Bhatkar


  • Father of Artificial Intelligence

John McCarthy


  • Physical equipment and components of a computer that can be seen and touched

Hardware (Eg : Motherboard, Keyboard, Mouse, Printer)


  • A printed circuit board (PCB) that contains electronic component systems such as CPU, network card etc

Mother Board


  • Set of instructions given to computer written in particular language to control and coordinate computer hardware



  • People who develop software are known as



  • First computer programmer

Ada Lovelace


  • Softwares that designed to run hardware and application programs of the computer is called

System software


  • Examples of system software

Operating system, Utility software, device drivers etc


  • Softwares that designed to help the user to perform specific tasks

Application Softwares


  • Examples of application software

MS Office, Media players, Tally etc


  • The term “free software” was coined by

Richard Stallman


  • Software which does not give the user freedom to study, modify and share the software

Proprietary Software (Eg : MS Windows, Tally)


  • Proprietary Software which provided to users only for a limited period of time on a trial basis

Shareware (Trialware)


  • Software which gives user freedom to study, modify and share the software

Free\Open source Software (Eg : Linux, Firefox, Python)


  • The autonomous institution under the Govt. of Kerala with the objective of coordinating free and open source software initiatives withing Kerala

ICFOSS (International Centre for Free and Open Source Software)


  • Combination of software and hardware is known as



  • Computer chips that have programs recorded on them are known as



  • Type of software which are copyrighted but still can be used for free



  • Software which available on hardware is known as



  • Examples of firmware

ROM, EPROM, Flash memory


  • Firmware is stored in



  • Collection of programs which control the overall operations of the computer

Operating System


  • Which is acting as an interface between computer hardware and user

Operating System


  • Important operating systems are

DOS, Linux, Windows, Mac OS, Unix, Ubuntu etc


  • Windows OS was developed by



  • Founders of Microsoft

Bill Gates and Paul Allen


  • The first version of Windows

Windows 1.0


  • Windows operating system for mobile phones

Windows mobile


  • Android operating system is currently developed by



  • Versions of Android

Cupcake, Sandwich, Gingerbread, Jelly Bean, Kitkat, Lolipop, Marshmallow, Nougat, Oreo


  • Latest version of Android



  • First chat operating system in the world

Flock OS


  • Linux OS was developed by

Linus Benedict Torvalds


  • First fully supported 64-bit OS



  • Mac OC (Macintosh OS) was developed by



  • Versions of Mac OS

Leopard, Snow leopard, Mountain Lion, Mavericks


  • OS in which assembly language was first used



  • Unix associated OS developed by IBM



  • Process of loading OS in the memory when computer is switched ON is called



  • Latest version of Windows OS

Windows 10

(To be Continued…)