Categories
Assistant IT & Cyber Laws

Cyber Laws – 20

പ്രധാന കണ്ടുപിടുത്തങ്ങൾ നടത്തിയവരെ കുറിച്ചുള്ള ചോദ്യങ്ങളുമാണ് ഇന്നത്തെ പാഠത്തിൽ.

  • A computer framed to give various network services is called

                    Server

  • A blog comprising video is called

                    Vlog

  • A blog comprising photos is called

                    Photoblog

  • DOS (Disc Operating System) was invented by

                    Tim Patterson

  • First e-governance program launched in Andhra Pradesh

                    E-Sewa

  • First e-governance program launched in Karnataka

                    Mahiti

  • First search engine allowing people to find certain files

                    Archie (Anonymous FTP)

  • Laser

     printer was introduced by

                    IBM

  • First internet movie

                    Heart Beat

  • First

    bank in India to get online banking facility

                    HDFC

  • First IT university in India

                    J P University

  • First computer installed in India

                    HFC-2M (Kolkata)

  • First

    supercomputer installed in India

                    Cray X MP 14 (Made in USA)

  • First private internet service provider in India

                    Satyam

  • Name of national school computerisation program in India

                    Vidya Vahini

  • Inventor of Telegraph

                    William Cook

  • Inventor of Telegraph code

                    Samuel Morse

  • Inventor of Telephone

                    Alexander Graham Bell

  • Inventor of Television

                    J L Baird

  • Inventor of Transformer

                    William Stanley

  • Inventor of Typewriter

                    Sholes

  • Inventor of Tyre

                    Dunlop

  • Inventor of Refrigerator

                    Harrison and Catlin

  • Inventor of Revolver

                    Samuel Colt


(To be Continued…)

Categories
Assistant IT & Cyber Laws

Cyber Laws – 19

ആദ്യകാല കമ്പ്യൂട്ടിങ് ഉപകരണങ്ങൾ, IT യിലെ പ്രധാന ചുരുക്കെഴുത്തുകൾ, ഷോർട്ട് കട്ടുകൾ എന്നിവയാണ് ഇന്നത്തെ പാഠത്തിൽ.

  • First calculating device in the world

Abacus

 

  • Abacus was invented in

China

 

  • First mechanical and automatic calculator

Pascaline

 

  • Pascaline was invented by

Blaise Pascal

 

  • First mechanical adding machine was invented by

Blaise Pascal

 

  • First logarithmic table was introduced by

John Napier

 

  • First successful difference engine was made by

Charles Babbage

 

  • First analytical engine was made by

Charles Babbage

 

  • First electronic digital computer

ENIAC

 

  • First computer used in business (commercial) applications

UNIVAC 1

 

  • First stored program computer designed was

EDVAC

 

  • First computer animated news reader

Ananova (Russia)

 

  • First personal computer

Altair 8800

 

  • First movie used computer graphics

TRON

 

  • First film used morphing

Willow

 

  • First Computer game

Space war

 

  • First e-paper

The Thejith (Belgium)

 

  • USB stands for

Universal  Serial Bus

 

  • ANSI stands for

American National Standard Institute

 

  • CAD stands for

Computer Aided Design

 

  • DOS stands for

Disk Operating System

 

  • DTP stands for

Desk Top Publishing

 

  • DML stands for

Data Manipulation Language

 

  • GUI stands for

Graphical User Interface

 

  • JPEG stands for

Joint Photographic Expert Group

 

  • HTML stands for

Hyper Text Markup Langage

 

  • MPEG stands for

Motion Picture Expert Group

 

  • ISP stands for

Internet Service Provider

 

  • OOP stands for

Object Oriented Programming

 

  • BIOS stands for

Basic Input Output System

 

  • DNS stands for

Domain Name System

 

  • GSM stands for

Global System for Mobile

 

  • Shortcut for Copy

Ctrl+C

 

  • Shortcut for Cut

Ctrl+X

 

  • Shortcut for Paste

Ctrl+V

 

  • Shortcut for Print

Ctrl+P

 

  • Shortcut for Undo

Ctrl+Z

 

  • Shortcut for Select All

Ctrl+A

 

  • Shortcut for Replace

Ctrl+H

 

  • Shortcut for Find

Ctrl+F

 

  • Shortcut for Goto

Ctrl+G

 

  • Shortcut for Refresh

F5

 

  • Shortcut for Exit

Alt+F4

 

  • Shortcut for Switching between applications

Alt+Tab


(To be Continued…)

Categories
Assistant IT & Cyber Laws

Cyber Laws – 18

ഗവണ്മെന്റ് IT പദ്ധതികൾ, MS ഓഫീസ്, IT സംബന്ധിച്ച ദിനാചരണങ്ങൾ എന്നിവയെ കുറിച്ചുള്ള ചോദ്യങ്ങളാണ് ഇന്നത്തെ പാഠത്തിൽ ഉൾപ്പെടുത്തിയിരിക്കുന്നത്.

  • Kerala Government project to provide government services through web portals and Akshaya centres

e-District

 

  • Software introduced by Kerala Government to monitor the progress of vacancies reported in PSC

VARAM (Vacancy Arising, Reporting and Monitoring System)

 

  • Kerala Government network to connect 14 districts in the state

Kerala State Wide Area Network (KSWAN)

 

  • Largest campus network by Kerala Government

SECWAN

 

  • Complete database of Government employees in Kerala

SPARK (Service and Payroll Administrative Repository for Kerala)

 

  • Billing software developed in Linux OS for KSEB

ORUMA

 

  • Malayalam free software developed by C-DIT for official language department

Kaveri

 

  • India’s first broadband network on EDUSAT for schools

VICTORS (Versatile ICT Enables Resource for students)

 

  • India’s first complete education channel in India

VICTORS

 

  • VICTORS was inagurated by

APJ Abdul Kalam (On 28th July 2005)

 

  • VICTORS was inagurated at

Thiruvananthapuram

 

2001

 

  • Web portal developed by Kerala Govt to provide help in the agricultural field

e-Krishi

 

  • e-Governance project of the govt of Kerala which envisages computerizing local self-govt institutions in Kerala

Information Kerala Mission

 

  • e-Governance program by Kerala Government for single window payment system

FRIENDS (Fast Reliable Instant Efficient Network for Disbursement of Services)

 

  • FRIENDS program was inaugurated in

2000 (At Thiruvananthapuram)

 

  • Important e-governance programs by Kerala Govt

AKSHAYA, IDEAS, SWAN, MESSAGE, SWEET, AASTHI, SPARK

 

  • The woman known as human-computer

Sakunthala Devi

 

  • Famous books of Sakunthala Devi

The joy of numbers, Puzzles to Puzzle, Book of numbers, The world of homosexuals

 

  • Sakunthala Devi was died in

2013

 

  • World Computer literacy day

December 2

 

  • World Computer Security Day

November 30

 

  • World Telecommunication and Information society day

May 17

 

  • The keyboard was discovered by

Christopher Sholes

 

  • Compact Disc (CD) discovered by

James T Russell

 

  • First Microprocessor in the world

Intel 4004

 

  • Intel 4004 was developed in

1971

 

  • Compact Disc (CD) discovered by

James T Russell

 

  • Important applications included in MS Office package

MS Word, MS Excel, MS Access, MS Powerpoint and MS Office

 

  • The single page of a workbook is known as

Worksheet

 

  • Basic storage unit of a spreadsheet file is

Table

 

  • Intersection of rows and columns in a table is called

Cell

 

  • Maximum number of worksheets which can be set as default while creating a new workbook

255

 

  • Total number of rows in a worksheet of Excel 2007

1048576

 

  • Total number of columns in a worksheet of Excel 2007

16384

 

  • Software using for word processing

MS Word

 

  • Files created in MS Word is known as

Document

 

  • Extension of MS Word in MS Office 2007

.docx

 

  • Extension of MS Excel in MS Office 2007

.xlsx

 

  • Extension of MS Powerpoint in MS Office 2007

.pptx

 

  • Extension of MS Access in MS Office 2007

.accdb

 

  • Mail Merge feature is commonly associated with

Word Processor

 

  • An electronic spreadsheet program in MS Office

MS Excel

 

  • File created in MS Excel is known as

Workbook

 

  • Text editor for Microsoft Windows

Notepad

 

  • Application used for database purpose in MS Office

MS Access

 

  • Application used for making presentations with help of picture slides in MS Office

MS Powerpoint

 

  • Files created in Powerpoint is known as

Presentation


(To be Continued…)

Categories
Assistant IT & Cyber Laws

Cyber Laws – 17

ബിറ്റ് കൊയിൻ, ആർട്ടിഫിഷ്യൽ ഇന്റലിജൻസ്, അക്ഷയ പ്രൊജക്റ്റ്, IT പാർക്കുകൾ, ആകാശ് ടാബ്‌ലറ്റ്, സിമ്പ്യൂട്ടർ, പ്രധാന സ്ഥാപനങ്ങളുടെ സ്ഥാപകർ എന്നിവരുമായി ബന്ധപ്പെട്ട ചോദ്യങ്ങളാണ് ഇന്നത്തെ പാഠത്തിൽ.

  • Digital currency using for Internet business transactions

Bitcoin

 

  • Bit Coin was introduced by

Sathoshi Nakamotto

 

  • World’s first BitCoin ATM was started in

Canada (Vancouver)

 

  • Smaller version of Image is called

Thumbnail

 

  • Preloading of data into a reserved area of memory is called

Buffering

 

  • Father of Artificial Intelligence

John Mc Carthy

 

  • Characteristics of 5th generation computers

Artificial Intelligence

 

  • Languages used in Artificial Intelligence

PROLOG, LISP

 

  • Committee appointed by Union Commerce Ministry to study the feasibility of Artificial Intelligence in the development of different sectors

V Kamakoti Commission

 

  • Simputer stands for

Simple Inexpensive and Multilingual People’s Computer

 

  • Simputer was invented by

Vinay Desh Pandey (2002)

 

  • Simputer is based on which OS

GNU/Linux

 

  • First district-wide e-literacy project in India

Akshaya Project

 

  • Akshaya project extended to all districts in

2008

 

  • Computer literacy project in Kerala

Akshaya Project

 

  • Akshaya project was first started in the district

Malappuram

 

  • The Panchayat in which Akshaya project was first established in Kerala

Pallikkal (Malappuram)

 

  • Project to give computer training to differently abled children through Akshaya centres in Kerala

Insight

 

  • Brand ambassador of Akshaya project

Mammootty

 

  • Permission to use the software and how many uses of the software was given in

EULA (End User License Agreement)

 

  • First IT park in India

Technopark

 

  • Largest IT park in India

Technopark

 

  • Technopark is situated in

Kazhakuttom (Thiruvananthapuram)

 

  • Technopark was launched on

28th July 1990

 

  • First Chairman of Technopark

KPP Nambiar

 

  • Present CEO of Technopark

Hrishikesh Nair

 

  • Founder and First Chairman of Keltron

KPP Nambiar

 

  • Keltron (KSEDC) stands for

Kerala State Electronics Development Corporation)

 

  • First private IT park in Kerala

Muthoot Technopolis

 

  • First district in India with high-speed rural broadband connectivity

Idukki

 

  • India’s First digital village, launched by ICICI bank is at

Akodara (Gujarat)

 

  • Android Tablet developed in India

Aakash

 

  • World’s cheapest Android Tablet

Aakash

 

  • New version of Aakash

Aakash 2

 

  • Aakash Tablet developed by

Datawind

 

  • Website that famous for publishing secret information, news leaks etc

WikiLeaks

 

  • Founder of WikiLeaks

Julian Assange

 

  • WikiLeaks founded in

Iceland (in 2006)

 

  • Type of test used in computing to check whether or not the user is a human

CAPTCHA (Completely Automated Public Turing Test to tell Computers and Human Apart)

 

  • Founder of Twitter

Jack Dorsey

 

  • Founders of Microsoft

Bill Gates and Paul Allen

 

  • Founder of Orkut

Orkut Buyukkokten

 

  • Founders of Wikipedia

Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger

 

  • Founders of Yahoo

Jerry Yang and David Filo

 

  • Founder of Email

Ray Tomlinson

 

  • Founder of Gmail

Paul Buchheit

 

  • Founders of Apple

Ronald Wayne, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak

 

  • Founders of Whatsapp

Jan Koum, Brian Acton


(To be Continued…)

Categories
Assistant IT & Cyber Laws

Cyber Laws – 16

IT കമ്പനികൾ, ടെലിഫോൺ നെറ്റ്‌വർക്കുകൾ, GPS എന്നിവയുമായി ബന്ധപ്പെട്ട ചോദ്യങ്ങളാണ് ഇന്നത്തെ പാഠത്തിൽ ഉൾപ്പെടുത്തിയിരിക്കുന്നത്.

  • First Indian to become CEO of Microsoft

Sathya Nadella (Andhra Pradesh)

 

  • First CEO of Microsoft

Bill Gates

 

  • Current position of Bill Gates in Microsoft

Technical Advisor

 

  • Headquarters of Microsoft Corporation

Redmond (Washington)

 

  • Mobile company acquired by Microsoft

Nokia

 

  • Project started by Microsoft for real-time Artificial Intelligence

Project Brain Wave

 

  • Largest IT company in India

Tata Consultancy Service (TCS)

 

  • TCS starting World’s largest corporate learning centre at

Thiruvananthapuram

 

  • First Indian company to reach 100 Cr Dollar profit for the first time

Infosys

 

  • Infosys was established in

1981

 

  • First Indian IT company to be listed in American Stock exchange NASDA

Infosys

 

  • New message application by Google

Allo

 

  • Project of Google to connect everybody in the Earth by 2020

Project Loon

 

  • Project of Google to find the location of the mobile without the help of GPS

Project Tango

 

  • Tablet computer by Google

Nexus

 

  • First IT Campus in India starting by Google is at

Hyderabad

 

  • Indian who appointed as the CEO of Google

Sundar Piche (Tamil Nadu)

 

  • Founders of Google

Larry Page and Sergey Brin

 

  • Company formed to unite different companies under Google

Alphabet inc.

 

  • First digital hub started by Oracle in Asia-Pacific region is at

Bengaluru

 

  • Company acquiring Yahoo

Verizon

 

  • New name of Yahoo after the acquisition by Verizon

Altaba

 

  • Malayalam film song that released through Whatsapp

Koottu thedi (Film : Varsham)

 

  • Indian who was selected as the brand ambassador of Japanese electronics company Casio

AR Rahman

 

  • SIM stands for

Subscriber Identity Module

 

  • Company which provided first commercial SIM

Giesecke & Devrient (1991)

 

  • SMS stands for

Short Message Service

 

  • IMEI stands for

International Mobile Equipment Identity

 

  • 15 digit unique serial number which provides the details of mobile phones

IMEI Number

 

  • First Indian city which started 3G services

New Delhi

 

  • Telecom company which introduced 3G service in India

MTNL

 

  • First city in Kerala which started 3G services

Kozhikode

 

  • Telecom company which introduced 3G service in Kerala

Airtel

 

  • First Indian city which started 4G services

Kolkata

 

  • Telecom company which introduced 4G service in India

Airtel

 

  • First city in Kerala which started 4G services

Cochi

 

  • Telecom company which introduced 4G service in Kerala

Airtel

 

  • First operator in the world to provide 4G service commercially

Telia Sonera

 

  • Place in which 4G service launched for the first time

Stockholm and Oslo

 

  • 4G introduced in

2009

 

  • Most commercially used 4G communication standard

Long Term Evolution (LTE)

 

  • First company to start 5G network in the world

Ericson

 

  • Recently developed first 5G Modem in the world

Snapdragon x 50 (Developed by Qualcomm)

 

  • GPS (Global Positioning System) technology developed by

USA

 

  • Alternative technology for GPS developed by India

IRNSS (Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System) also known as NAVIC


(To be Continued…)

Categories
Assistant IT & Cyber Laws

Cyber Laws – 15

ഡാറ്റാബേസ്, കമ്പ്യൂട്ടർ, ഇന്റർനെറ്റ് എന്നിവയുടെ ഉപയോഗവുമായി ബന്ധപ്പെട്ട പ്രത്യേകതകൾ എന്നിവയാണ് ഇന്നത്തെ പാഠത്തിൽ ഉൾപ്പെടുത്തിയിരിക്കുന്നത്.

  • A database involves

Fields, Records, Files etc

 

  • Single piece of information in a database is called

Field

 

  • Collection of related fields

Record

 

  • Collection of records

File

 

  • Integrated set of files are known as

Database

 

  • A collection of programs that helps to store, modify, and extract information from a database is called

Database Management System (DBMS)

 

  • Example of DBMS

MS Access, SQL Server, My SQL, Oracle, File Maker

 

  • Duplication of Data is known as

Data Redundancy

 

  • Award presented for excellence on the internet

Webby Award

 

  • Founder of Satyam Technologies

Ramalinga Raju

 

  • New name of Satyam Technologies

Mahendra Satyam

 

  • A prototype portal site for biological information

BRNET (Bio-Resource Network)

 

  • NICNET stands for

National Informatics Centre Network

 

  • Trade association of Indian Information Technology and Business process outsourcing industry

NASSCOM

 

  • NASSCOM stands for

National Association of Software and Services Companies

 

  • Project to provide all services by the government to the citizens of India through electronic media

National e-governance plan

 

  • National e-governance plan started in

2006

 

  • National e-governance plan started by

Diety (Department of Electronics and Information Technology)

 

  • National e-governance programs by the government of India

e-Dhara, Warana, e-Samadhan, RajNidhi, Lokvani, Bhoomi, Card, Gyandoot

 

  • First Malayalam newspaper started its internet edition

Deepika

 

  • First Indian state which provided email facility to all of its Government offices

Goa

 

  • First Indian state which started its online lottery

Sikkim

 

  • First Indian state with all of its panchayats computerized

Tamilnadu

 

  • First paperless Government office in India

IT Mission

 

  • First bank started its Malayalam website

SBT

 

  • First university started its online courses

Goa

 

  • First hospital in India which used robot to conduct an operation

AIIMS

 

  • First pollution free computerized petrol pump of India is in

Mumbai

 

  • First Indian political party which created its website

BJP

 

  • First computer literate corporation in Kerala

Kozhikode

 

  • First computer literate grama panchayat in Kerala

Chamravattam (Malappuram)

 

  • First e-literate panchayat in Kerala

Pallichal (Thiruvananthapuram)

 

  • First fully computerized panchayat in Kerala

Vellanad

 

  • First e-payment grama panchayat in India

Manjeswaram

 

  • First computerized collectorate

Palakkad

 

  • First computerized Taluk office in India

Ottappalam

 

  • Background image that appears behind the text on a page is called

Water Mark

 

  • International Institute of Information Technology is located in

Bengaluru

 

  • World’s first bionic human being

Rex

 

  • First Robot to speak at Space

Kirobo (Japan)

 

  • Microblogging site recently acquired by Yahoo

Tumblr.com

 

  • First 3D Television channel started in

China

 

  • Computer that defeated Gary Kasparov in Chess competition

Deep Blue (Latest version is Deeper Blue)

 

  • Official setup for handling Cybercrimes and other techno based crimes in Kerala

HTCEC (Hi-tech Crime Enquiry Cell)

 

  • Network that requires a point to point connection

Circuit Switched Network

 

  • Network that not requires dedicated path and data transmitted in the form of a small piece of data called packets

Packet Switched Network

 

  • Internet works on

Both Circuit Switching and Packet switching


(To be Continued…)

Categories
Assistant IT & Cyber Laws

Cyber Laws – 14

മാൽവെയർ, സ്പൈവെയർ, ക്രിപ്‌റ്റോഗ്രഫി, നമ്പർ സിസ്റ്റം, ഫയൽ ടൈപ്പുകൾ, പ്രധാന കമ്പനികളുടെ സ്ലോഗനുകൾ തുടങ്ങിയവയുമായി ബന്ധപ്പെട്ട ചോദ്യങ്ങളാണ് ഇന്നത്തെ പാഠത്തിൽ.

  • General term used to refer malicious software that can harm the computer

Malware

  • In Cyberlaw, malware is known as

Computer Contaminant

  • Examples of Malware

Computer viruses, Worms, Trojan horses, Spyware etc

  • The most dangerous computer malware

Flame

  • Type of malware that downloads itself onto the computer system through an email or downloaded program

Spyware

  • Malware that scans computer hard disk automatically for personal information and sends collected data to individuals who created

Spyware

  • Protection scheme for data which protects our information system from unsecured public network

Firewall

  • Examples of Firewall software

Comodo, Ashampoo, Agnitum Outpost, Zone Alarm etc

  • Science of secret writing

Cryptography

  • Process of transporting plain text to unreadable scrambled text

Encrypting

  • Encrypted script is known as

Ciphertext

  • Reverse process of encryption or the process of converting unreadable cipher text to plain text

Decryption

  • The word Cryptography originated from

Latin words Kryptos means secret and Graphene means writing

  • Electronic files that are used to identify people and resources over internet

Digital Signature

  • Data that ensure the credibility of the sender, who sends the data over internet

Digital Signature

  • Type of Digital number systems

Decimal systems, Binary systems, Octal Systems and Hexadecimal systems

  • Base of Decimal number systems

10

  • Base of Binary number systems

2 (0 and 1)

  • Base of Octal number systems

8

  • Base of HexaDecimal number systems

16 (0-9 and A to F)

  • One’s complement in Binary system is obtained by

Changing its 1’s to 0’s and 0’s to 1’s

  • Two’s complement in Binary system is obtained by

Converting the value to its complement and add 1 to the complement

Decimal   Binary   Octal   Hexadecimal
0          0000        0             0
1          0001        1             1
2          0010        2             2
3          0011        3             3
4          0100        4             4
5          0101        5             5
6          0110        6             6
7          0111        7             7
8          1000       10            8
9          1001       11            9
10         1010       12            A
11         1011       13            B
12         1100       14            C
13         1101       15            D
14         1110       16            E
15         1111       17            F

  • Miracle child in electronics is

Transistor

  • The word Nano stands for

One billionth part

  • Verification of username and password is known as

Authentication

  • Specially designed chips that reside other devices such as car or electronic equipment

Embedded Computers

  • Mathematics employed in computer is called

Boolean Algebra

  • Personal computer developed by Intel for the school students

Classmate

  • Extention .txt is for

Text file

  • Extention .pdf is for

Portable Documet Format file

  • Extention .gif, .bmp is for

Image file

  • Extention .jpg is for

JPEG Image file

  • Extention .mpg, .mov is for

Animation\movie file

  • Extention .mp3 is for

Audio file

  • Extention .html is for

Web page file

  • Theme of 2017 Internet security day (February 7)

Be the change: Unite for better Internet

  • Venue of 2017 world internet conference

Wuzhen, China

  • First (Main) page of a website is known as

Homepage

  • Deleted files are temporarily stored in

Recycle bin

  • Measurement of bit rate of consumed data of communication resources over a network is known as

Bandwidth

  • Slogan of Google

Don’t be evil

  • Slogan of Microsoft

Be what’s next (Old slogan : Your potential, our passion)

  • Slogan of Infosys

Powered by intellect, driven by values

  • Slogan of Wipro

Applying thoughts


(To be Continued…)

Categories
Assistant IT & Cyber Laws

Cyber Laws – 13

സൈബർ സെക്യൂരിറ്റിയുമായി ബന്ധപ്പെട്ട പ്രധാന ത്രെറ്റുകൾ, കമ്പ്യൂട്ടർ വൈറസ്, മാൽവെയർ, ട്രോജൻ ഹോഴ്സ് എന്നിവയുമായി ബന്ധപ്പെട്ട ചോദ്യങ്ങളാണ് ഇന്നത്തെ പാഠത്തിൽ ഉൾപ്പെടുത്തിയിരിക്കുന്നത്.

  • Unauthorized copying, reproduction, use or manufacture of product is called

Software Piracy

 

  • Small program that monitors and retrieve the username or password of network users during their login

Password Sniffer

 

  • Practice of using the internet to harass or threaten someone is called

Cyber Stalking (e-stalking or Cyber Bullying)

 

  • How to avoid Cyber Stalking

Do not disclose any personal information, avoid sending photographs to strangers and chat friends, proper disconnection of internet after its use

 

  • Hacking of websites by password cracking and alteration of contents for fulfilling political objectives or for money is called

Web Jacking

 

  • Unauthorized changing of data before or during their input to a computer is called

Data Diddling

 

  • Procurement of identifying information without permission and using it fraudulently to obtain goods and services is called

Identity Theft

 

  • Unauthorized access to information system is called

Hacking

 

  • One who does hacking is called

Hacker

 

  • Hacking comes under which section of IT Act 2000

Section 66

 

  • Hackers who hacking system for good reason

White hat hackers or Ethical hackers

 

  • Hackers who hacking system for malicious reasons

Blackhat hackers

 

  • Hackers who hacking system sometimes for good reason and sometimes for malicious reasons

Gray hat hackers

 

  • Unauthorized use of internet hours paid for by another person is known as

Theft of internet hours

 

  • A computer connects to the internet that has been compromised by a hacker, computer virus or Trojan horse and can be used for malicious tasks is called

Zombie

 

  • Intellectual property rights refer to

Property rights through patents, copyrights and trademarks

 

  • Intellectual property right violations include

Trademark violations, computer source code theft, patent violation and software piracy

 

  • Theme of World Intellectual property day 2017

Innovation-Improving Lives

 

  • Position of India in Intellectual property index 2017

43

 

  • An attack meant to shut down a machine or network, making it inaccessible to its intended users

Denial of Service

 

  • In cyber law, DOS stands for

Denial of Service

 

  • Examples of Denial of service

Flood a network thereby preventing legitimate network traffic, disrupt connections between two machines, preventing an individual from accessing a service

 

  • The person who defined the term Computer Virus

Fred Cohen

 

  • A computer program that can damage the operations of a computer system

Virus

 

  • The term VIRUS stands for

Vital Information Resource Under Siege (Virtual InformationResources Under Seize)

 

  • First computer virus

Creeper (As per PSC)

 

  • First computer virus for MS DOS

Brain

 

  • First computer virus affected on ARPANET (ancient form of internet)

Creeper

 

  • Creeper was developed by

Bob Thomas

 

  • First microcomputer virus

Elk Cloner

 

  • First virus affected personal computer

Apple

 

  • First mobile phone virus

Cabir

 

  • Virus program writing programmers

Vickser

 

  • Examples for computer viruses

TEXAS, Blaster, Nimda, I Love you, Guppy, Melissa, Slammer

 

  • Recently happened cyber attack across 150 countries in the world

Wanna Cry

 

  • Wanna Cry spread through

Email

 

  • First country in which Wanna Cry attack reported for the first time

Panama (1989)

 

  • Wanna Cry is an example of

Ransomware

 

  • Program that makes the user unable to access the system and demanding some form of payments to unlock

Ransomware

 

  • Operating system being attacked by Wanna Cry

Windows

 

  • Ransomware that affected different countries including India recently

Petya

 

  • Examples of Ransomware

Golden Eye, Cryptolocker, Locky, Crysis, ZCrypt, Powerware, Hydra Crypt, Cerber, Cryptowall

 

  • Ad click malware that affected Google play applications recently

Judy, Skinner, False Guide

 

  • Computer software which is used to prevent, delete and detect the presence of Virus in Computer

Antivirus

 

  • Examples of antivirus programs

Avast, Avira, AVG, Kaspersky, Norton, McAfee

 

  • Subclass of computer virus that can replicate itself through network connections to any machine without human intervention

Worm

 

  • Malware which appears to be useful applications but allows the hacker to take control of the system

Trojan Horse

 

  • Facts about Trojan horse

They are not viruses, it does not replicate itself

 

  • Trojans which are activated at a certain time are called

Time bombs

 

  • Peace of code inserted into a software that will execute its malicious function when the specified conditions are met

Logic Bomb

 

  • Program that automatically renders advertisements in order to generate revenue for its author

Adware

 

  • Software that can record every keystroke we make using keyboard

Keyloggers


(To be Continued…)

Categories
Assistant IT & Cyber Laws

Cyber Laws – 12

സൈബർ നിയമങ്ങൾ, സൈബർ കുറ്റകൃത്യങ്ങൾ എന്നീ പ്രധാന ഭാഗങ്ങളുമായി ബന്ധപ്പെട്ട ചോദ്യങ്ങളാണ് ഇന്നത്തെ പാഠത്തിൽ ഉൾപ്പെടുത്തിയിരിക്കുന്നത്.

  • First cyber law in India

IT Act 2000

 

  • IT Act 2000 was enacted on

9th June 2000

 

  • IT Act 2000 came into force on

17th October 2000

 

  • Four types of cyber laws are

Laws relating to digital contracts, digital property, digital rights, and cyber crimes

 

  • The headquarters of Asian school of cyber laws

Pune

 

  • First cyber crime police station in India

Bengaluru

 

  • First cyber post office in India

Chennai

 

  • First cyber forensic laboratory in India

Tripura

 

  • First cyber police station in Kerala

Pattom, Thiruvananthapuram

 

  • No of chapters and sections in IT Act 2000

13 chapters and 94 sections

 

  • Regulatory authority of IT Act 2000

Controller of certifying authority appointed by the central government

 

  • IT regulations 2001 came into force on

9th July 2001

 

  • Cyber offenses according to IT Act 2000

Tampering with computer document, Hacking with a computer system, Intrusion into a protected system, Misrepresentation, Confiscation

 

  • The term Electronic signature was introduced by

IT Act (Amendment) 2008

 

  • IT Amendment Act 2008 giving more focus on

Information Security

 

  • No of chapters and sections in IT Act 2008

124 sections and 14 Chapters

 

  • IT Amendment Act 2008 was passed by the houses of parliament on

23rd and 24th December 2008

 

  • IT Amendment Act 2008 received presidential assent on

5th February 2009

 

  • IT Amendment Act 2008 came into force on

27th October 2009

 

  • According to IT Amendment Act 2008 who is responsible for investigating cyber crimes

Any Police officer not below the rank of deputy superintendent of police (DSP)

 

  • First cybercrime in the World was registered against

Joseph Marie Jacquard

 

  • First cybercrime in India was registered against

Arif Asim

 

  • First Asian country to enforce cyber laws

Singapore

 

  • Nodal agency in India that deals with cyber threats

CERT-IN (Indian Computer Emergency Response Team ICERT)

 

  • CERT-IN was established in

2004

 

  • Who is responsible for blocking websites in India

CERT-IN

 

  • CERT-IN serves as

National agency for incident response

 

  • Tribunal formed to handle the disputes in cyber laws

Cyber Appellate Tribunal (Initially called as Cyber Regulations Appellate Tribunal-CRAT)

 

  • CRAT was established in

2006

 

  • Cybercrime is defined as

A crime in which a computer is the object of the crime

 

  • Cybercrime in which computer is a target

Virus\Worm\Trojan horse attack, Hacking, Denial of Service attack etc

 

  • Cybercrime in which computer is a weapon

IPR violations, credit card frauds, pornography, Cyberterrorism

 

  • Unauthorized access to another person’s company’s data is called

Snooping

 

  • Act of any intentional false communication that harms the reputation of an individual, business, product, government or nation is called

Defamation (Also known as Calumny, Vilification, or Traducement)

 

  • Practice of sending fake emails in the name of reputed companies to retrieve personal information such as passwords and credit card numbers

Phishing

 

  • Counterfeit currency notes, postage and revenue stamps, mark sheets etc can be forged using sophisticated computers, printers and scanners is called as

Forgery

 

  • Impersonation of another person is considering as

Forgery

 

  • Repeatedly sending an email message to a particular address to abuses is called as

Email bombing

 

  • Email bombing is considered as a type of

Denial of Service attack

 

  • Use of emails for sending unsolicited bulk emails (spams) and commercial messages over the internet

Email Spamming

 

  • Creation of email messages with fake sender address to mislead the recipient

Email Spoofing

 

  • Email spamming and phishing users

Email Spoofing

 

  • Technique commonly used to hide the origin of Email message

Email Spoofing

 

  • Email spoofing in India charges the offender for forgery under section

IPC 463

 

  • Portrayal of sexual acts for the purpose of sexual excitement

Pornography

 

  • Persons who intentionally prey upon children are known as

Pedophiles


(To be Continued…)

Categories
Assistant IT & Cyber Laws

Cyber Laws – 11

വെബ് ബ്രൗസേർസ്, സേർച്ച് എൻജിനുകൾ, സോഷ്യൽ മീഡിയ, ഇ-കോമേഴ്‌സ് എന്നിവയുമായി ബന്ധപ്പെട്ട ചോദ്യങ്ങളാണ് ഇന്നത്തെ പാഠത്തിൽ ഉൾപ്പെടുത്തിയിരിക്കുന്നത്.

  • Software application to retrieve and view information over world wide web

Web browser

 

  • The first web browser is

Nexus

 

  • Nexus was invented by

Tim Berners Lee (1990)

 

  • Safari web browser was developed by

Apple in 2003

 

  • Web browser Internet Explorer was introduced by

Microsoft

 

  • Web browser used in Windows 10

Microsoft Edge

 

  • Web browser Internet Explorer was introduced in

1995

 

  • Web browser developed by Google

Google Chrome

 

  • Examples of Web browsers

Google Chrome, Opera, Mozilla Firefox, Safari, Epic, Internet Explorer

 

  • Examples of Mobile Browsers

UC Browser, Opera Mini, Chrome, Dolphin

 

  • The process of visiting a number of websites in rapid succession is called

Surfing

 

  • First Web browser developed in India

Epic

 

  • Epic browser was developed by

Hidden Reflex, Bengaluru

 

  • Epic was released on

29th August 2013

 

  • Software that is designed to search for information on world wide web

Search Engines

 

  • First search engine in the world

Archie (1990)

 

  • Important search engines are

Google, Yahoo, Bing, Ask.com

 

  • Search engine launched by DEITY (Department of Electronics and Information Technology) to search tourism related information

Sandhan

 

  • Search engine developed by Microsoft

Bing

 

  • Important social networking sites are

Facebook, Whatsapp, Google Plus, Twitter, LinkedIn, My Space, Meet me, Skype

 

  • Facebook was started in the year

2004

 

  • Founder of Facebook

Mark Zuckerberg

 

  • First Indian company to be acquired by Facebook

Little Eye Labs

 

  • Video sharing app developed for Facebook users

Facebook Watch

 

  • Social media which started a music app # Music in 2015

Twitter

 

  • Discussion or International site published on world wide web

Blog

 

  • Blog is a short form of

Web Log

 

  • The word Blog was coined by

Peter Merholz

 

  • Which is known as SMS in the world of internet

Twitter

 

  • Messages posted on Twitter are known as

Tweets

 

  • Information that written in a Blog is known as

Posts

 

  • Social networking site Orkut was owned by

Google

 

  • Facebook acquired Whatsapp in

2014

 

  • Methode for sharing the location of the user in Whatsapp to others is known as

Live Location

 

  • Orkut was closed in

30 September 2014

 

  • The selling and buying of products and services through an electronic medium is called

E-Commerce (Electronic commerce)

 

  • Examples of e-commerce sites

Flipkart, Snapdeal, Amazone, eBay, Alibaba, Jabong, Myntra

 

  • Headquarters of Flipkart

Bengaluru

 

  • Flipkart was started by

Sachin Bansal and Binny Bansal

 

  • Flipkart was started in

2007

 

  • Chairman of e-commerce site Alibaba

Jack Ma

 

  • Founder of e-commerce site Amazon

Jeffrey P Bezos

 

  • Different categories of e-commerce

B2B (Business to Business), B2C (Business to Customer), C2B and C2C

 

  • Internet-based computing that provides shared resources and data to computers and other devices on demand

Cloud Computing

 

  • Free and open source suite developed for setting up a cloud computing environment

Meghdoot

 

  • Meghdoot was developed by

C DAC

 

  • An attack accomplished by using the internet to break into computers and using them to attack a network is called

Distributed DOS

 

  • Hardware devices that are not part of the main computer and are often added later to the system

Peripherals

 

  • Silicon Valley of India

Bengaluru

 

  • Which is referred as Silicosapience

Computers


(To be Continued…)