Assistant IT & Cyber Laws

Cyber Laws – 20

പ്രധാന കണ്ടുപിടുത്തങ്ങൾ നടത്തിയവരെ കുറിച്ചുള്ള ചോദ്യങ്ങളുമാണ് ഇന്നത്തെ പാഠത്തിൽ.

  • A computer framed to give various network services is called


  • A blog comprising video is called


  • A blog comprising photos is called


  • DOS (Disc Operating System) was invented by

                    Tim Patterson

  • First e-governance program launched in Andhra Pradesh


  • First e-governance program launched in Karnataka


  • First search engine allowing people to find certain files

                    Archie (Anonymous FTP)

  • Laser

     printer was introduced by


  • First internet movie

                    Heart Beat

  • First

    bank in India to get online banking facility


  • First IT university in India

                    J P University

  • First computer installed in India

                    HFC-2M (Kolkata)

  • First

    supercomputer installed in India

                    Cray X MP 14 (Made in USA)

  • First private internet service provider in India


  • Name of national school computerisation program in India

                    Vidya Vahini

  • Inventor of Telegraph

                    William Cook

  • Inventor of Telegraph code

                    Samuel Morse

  • Inventor of Telephone

                    Alexander Graham Bell

  • Inventor of Television

                    J L Baird

  • Inventor of Transformer

                    William Stanley

  • Inventor of Typewriter


  • Inventor of Tyre


  • Inventor of Refrigerator

                    Harrison and Catlin

  • Inventor of Revolver

                    Samuel Colt

(To be Continued…)

Assistant IT & Cyber Laws

Cyber Laws – 19

ആദ്യകാല കമ്പ്യൂട്ടിങ് ഉപകരണങ്ങൾ, IT യിലെ പ്രധാന ചുരുക്കെഴുത്തുകൾ, ഷോർട്ട് കട്ടുകൾ എന്നിവയാണ് ഇന്നത്തെ പാഠത്തിൽ.

  • First calculating device in the world



  • Abacus was invented in



  • First mechanical and automatic calculator



  • Pascaline was invented by

Blaise Pascal


  • First mechanical adding machine was invented by

Blaise Pascal


  • First logarithmic table was introduced by

John Napier


  • First successful difference engine was made by

Charles Babbage


  • First analytical engine was made by

Charles Babbage


  • First electronic digital computer



  • First computer used in business (commercial) applications



  • First stored program computer designed was



  • First computer animated news reader

Ananova (Russia)


  • First personal computer

Altair 8800


  • First movie used computer graphics



  • First film used morphing



  • First Computer game

Space war


  • First e-paper

The Thejith (Belgium)


  • USB stands for

Universal  Serial Bus


  • ANSI stands for

American National Standard Institute


  • CAD stands for

Computer Aided Design


  • DOS stands for

Disk Operating System


  • DTP stands for

Desk Top Publishing


  • DML stands for

Data Manipulation Language


  • GUI stands for

Graphical User Interface


  • JPEG stands for

Joint Photographic Expert Group


  • HTML stands for

Hyper Text Markup Langage


  • MPEG stands for

Motion Picture Expert Group


  • ISP stands for

Internet Service Provider


  • OOP stands for

Object Oriented Programming


  • BIOS stands for

Basic Input Output System


  • DNS stands for

Domain Name System


  • GSM stands for

Global System for Mobile


  • Shortcut for Copy



  • Shortcut for Cut



  • Shortcut for Paste



  • Shortcut for Print



  • Shortcut for Undo



  • Shortcut for Select All



  • Shortcut for Replace



  • Shortcut for Find



  • Shortcut for Goto



  • Shortcut for Refresh



  • Shortcut for Exit



  • Shortcut for Switching between applications


(To be Continued…)

Assistant IT & Cyber Laws

Cyber Laws – 18

ഗവണ്മെന്റ് IT പദ്ധതികൾ, MS ഓഫീസ്, IT സംബന്ധിച്ച ദിനാചരണങ്ങൾ എന്നിവയെ കുറിച്ചുള്ള ചോദ്യങ്ങളാണ് ഇന്നത്തെ പാഠത്തിൽ ഉൾപ്പെടുത്തിയിരിക്കുന്നത്.

  • Kerala Government project to provide government services through web portals and Akshaya centres



  • Software introduced by Kerala Government to monitor the progress of vacancies reported in PSC

VARAM (Vacancy Arising, Reporting and Monitoring System)


  • Kerala Government network to connect 14 districts in the state

Kerala State Wide Area Network (KSWAN)


  • Largest campus network by Kerala Government



  • Complete database of Government employees in Kerala

SPARK (Service and Payroll Administrative Repository for Kerala)


  • Billing software developed in Linux OS for KSEB



  • Malayalam free software developed by C-DIT for official language department



  • India’s first broadband network on EDUSAT for schools

VICTORS (Versatile ICT Enables Resource for students)


  • India’s first complete education channel in India



  • VICTORS was inagurated by

APJ Abdul Kalam (On 28th July 2005)


  • VICTORS was inagurated at





  • Web portal developed by Kerala Govt to provide help in the agricultural field



  • e-Governance project of the govt of Kerala which envisages computerizing local self-govt institutions in Kerala

Information Kerala Mission


  • e-Governance program by Kerala Government for single window payment system

FRIENDS (Fast Reliable Instant Efficient Network for Disbursement of Services)


  • FRIENDS program was inaugurated in

2000 (At Thiruvananthapuram)


  • Important e-governance programs by Kerala Govt



  • The woman known as human-computer

Sakunthala Devi


  • Famous books of Sakunthala Devi

The joy of numbers, Puzzles to Puzzle, Book of numbers, The world of homosexuals


  • Sakunthala Devi was died in



  • World Computer literacy day

December 2


  • World Computer Security Day

November 30


  • World Telecommunication and Information society day

May 17


  • The keyboard was discovered by

Christopher Sholes


  • Compact Disc (CD) discovered by

James T Russell


  • First Microprocessor in the world

Intel 4004


  • Intel 4004 was developed in



  • Compact Disc (CD) discovered by

James T Russell


  • Important applications included in MS Office package

MS Word, MS Excel, MS Access, MS Powerpoint and MS Office


  • The single page of a workbook is known as



  • Basic storage unit of a spreadsheet file is



  • Intersection of rows and columns in a table is called



  • Maximum number of worksheets which can be set as default while creating a new workbook



  • Total number of rows in a worksheet of Excel 2007



  • Total number of columns in a worksheet of Excel 2007



  • Software using for word processing

MS Word


  • Files created in MS Word is known as



  • Extension of MS Word in MS Office 2007



  • Extension of MS Excel in MS Office 2007



  • Extension of MS Powerpoint in MS Office 2007



  • Extension of MS Access in MS Office 2007



  • Mail Merge feature is commonly associated with

Word Processor


  • An electronic spreadsheet program in MS Office

MS Excel


  • File created in MS Excel is known as



  • Text editor for Microsoft Windows



  • Application used for database purpose in MS Office

MS Access


  • Application used for making presentations with help of picture slides in MS Office

MS Powerpoint


  • Files created in Powerpoint is known as


(To be Continued…)

Assistant IT & Cyber Laws

Cyber Laws – 17

ബിറ്റ് കൊയിൻ, ആർട്ടിഫിഷ്യൽ ഇന്റലിജൻസ്, അക്ഷയ പ്രൊജക്റ്റ്, IT പാർക്കുകൾ, ആകാശ് ടാബ്‌ലറ്റ്, സിമ്പ്യൂട്ടർ, പ്രധാന സ്ഥാപനങ്ങളുടെ സ്ഥാപകർ എന്നിവരുമായി ബന്ധപ്പെട്ട ചോദ്യങ്ങളാണ് ഇന്നത്തെ പാഠത്തിൽ.

  • Digital currency using for Internet business transactions



  • Bit Coin was introduced by

Sathoshi Nakamotto


  • World’s first BitCoin ATM was started in

Canada (Vancouver)


  • Smaller version of Image is called



  • Preloading of data into a reserved area of memory is called



  • Father of Artificial Intelligence

John Mc Carthy


  • Characteristics of 5th generation computers

Artificial Intelligence


  • Languages used in Artificial Intelligence



  • Committee appointed by Union Commerce Ministry to study the feasibility of Artificial Intelligence in the development of different sectors

V Kamakoti Commission


  • Simputer stands for

Simple Inexpensive and Multilingual People’s Computer


  • Simputer was invented by

Vinay Desh Pandey (2002)


  • Simputer is based on which OS



  • First district-wide e-literacy project in India

Akshaya Project


  • Akshaya project extended to all districts in



  • Computer literacy project in Kerala

Akshaya Project


  • Akshaya project was first started in the district



  • The Panchayat in which Akshaya project was first established in Kerala

Pallikkal (Malappuram)


  • Project to give computer training to differently abled children through Akshaya centres in Kerala



  • Brand ambassador of Akshaya project



  • Permission to use the software and how many uses of the software was given in

EULA (End User License Agreement)


  • First IT park in India



  • Largest IT park in India



  • Technopark is situated in

Kazhakuttom (Thiruvananthapuram)


  • Technopark was launched on

28th July 1990


  • First Chairman of Technopark

KPP Nambiar


  • Present CEO of Technopark

Hrishikesh Nair


  • Founder and First Chairman of Keltron

KPP Nambiar


  • Keltron (KSEDC) stands for

Kerala State Electronics Development Corporation)


  • First private IT park in Kerala

Muthoot Technopolis


  • First district in India with high-speed rural broadband connectivity



  • India’s First digital village, launched by ICICI bank is at

Akodara (Gujarat)


  • Android Tablet developed in India



  • World’s cheapest Android Tablet



  • New version of Aakash

Aakash 2


  • Aakash Tablet developed by



  • Website that famous for publishing secret information, news leaks etc



  • Founder of WikiLeaks

Julian Assange


  • WikiLeaks founded in

Iceland (in 2006)


  • Type of test used in computing to check whether or not the user is a human

CAPTCHA (Completely Automated Public Turing Test to tell Computers and Human Apart)


  • Founder of Twitter

Jack Dorsey


  • Founders of Microsoft

Bill Gates and Paul Allen


  • Founder of Orkut

Orkut Buyukkokten


  • Founders of Wikipedia

Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger


  • Founders of Yahoo

Jerry Yang and David Filo


  • Founder of Email

Ray Tomlinson


  • Founder of Gmail

Paul Buchheit


  • Founders of Apple

Ronald Wayne, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak


  • Founders of Whatsapp

Jan Koum, Brian Acton

(To be Continued…)

Assistant IT & Cyber Laws

Cyber Laws – 16

IT കമ്പനികൾ, ടെലിഫോൺ നെറ്റ്‌വർക്കുകൾ, GPS എന്നിവയുമായി ബന്ധപ്പെട്ട ചോദ്യങ്ങളാണ് ഇന്നത്തെ പാഠത്തിൽ ഉൾപ്പെടുത്തിയിരിക്കുന്നത്.

  • First Indian to become CEO of Microsoft

Sathya Nadella (Andhra Pradesh)


  • First CEO of Microsoft

Bill Gates


  • Current position of Bill Gates in Microsoft

Technical Advisor


  • Headquarters of Microsoft Corporation

Redmond (Washington)


  • Mobile company acquired by Microsoft



  • Project started by Microsoft for real-time Artificial Intelligence

Project Brain Wave


  • Largest IT company in India

Tata Consultancy Service (TCS)


  • TCS starting World’s largest corporate learning centre at



  • First Indian company to reach 100 Cr Dollar profit for the first time



  • Infosys was established in



  • First Indian IT company to be listed in American Stock exchange NASDA



  • New message application by Google



  • Project of Google to connect everybody in the Earth by 2020

Project Loon


  • Project of Google to find the location of the mobile without the help of GPS

Project Tango


  • Tablet computer by Google



  • First IT Campus in India starting by Google is at



  • Indian who appointed as the CEO of Google

Sundar Piche (Tamil Nadu)


  • Founders of Google

Larry Page and Sergey Brin


  • Company formed to unite different companies under Google

Alphabet inc.


  • First digital hub started by Oracle in Asia-Pacific region is at



  • Company acquiring Yahoo



  • New name of Yahoo after the acquisition by Verizon



  • Malayalam film song that released through Whatsapp

Koottu thedi (Film : Varsham)


  • Indian who was selected as the brand ambassador of Japanese electronics company Casio

AR Rahman


  • SIM stands for

Subscriber Identity Module


  • Company which provided first commercial SIM

Giesecke & Devrient (1991)


  • SMS stands for

Short Message Service


  • IMEI stands for

International Mobile Equipment Identity


  • 15 digit unique serial number which provides the details of mobile phones

IMEI Number


  • First Indian city which started 3G services

New Delhi


  • Telecom company which introduced 3G service in India



  • First city in Kerala which started 3G services



  • Telecom company which introduced 3G service in Kerala



  • First Indian city which started 4G services



  • Telecom company which introduced 4G service in India



  • First city in Kerala which started 4G services



  • Telecom company which introduced 4G service in Kerala



  • First operator in the world to provide 4G service commercially

Telia Sonera


  • Place in which 4G service launched for the first time

Stockholm and Oslo


  • 4G introduced in



  • Most commercially used 4G communication standard

Long Term Evolution (LTE)


  • First company to start 5G network in the world



  • Recently developed first 5G Modem in the world

Snapdragon x 50 (Developed by Qualcomm)


  • GPS (Global Positioning System) technology developed by



  • Alternative technology for GPS developed by India

IRNSS (Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System) also known as NAVIC

(To be Continued…)

Assistant IT & Cyber Laws

Cyber Laws – 15

ഡാറ്റാബേസ്, കമ്പ്യൂട്ടർ, ഇന്റർനെറ്റ് എന്നിവയുടെ ഉപയോഗവുമായി ബന്ധപ്പെട്ട പ്രത്യേകതകൾ എന്നിവയാണ് ഇന്നത്തെ പാഠത്തിൽ ഉൾപ്പെടുത്തിയിരിക്കുന്നത്.

  • A database involves

Fields, Records, Files etc


  • Single piece of information in a database is called



  • Collection of related fields



  • Collection of records



  • Integrated set of files are known as



  • A collection of programs that helps to store, modify, and extract information from a database is called

Database Management System (DBMS)


  • Example of DBMS

MS Access, SQL Server, My SQL, Oracle, File Maker


  • Duplication of Data is known as

Data Redundancy


  • Award presented for excellence on the internet

Webby Award


  • Founder of Satyam Technologies

Ramalinga Raju


  • New name of Satyam Technologies

Mahendra Satyam


  • A prototype portal site for biological information

BRNET (Bio-Resource Network)


  • NICNET stands for

National Informatics Centre Network


  • Trade association of Indian Information Technology and Business process outsourcing industry



  • NASSCOM stands for

National Association of Software and Services Companies


  • Project to provide all services by the government to the citizens of India through electronic media

National e-governance plan


  • National e-governance plan started in



  • National e-governance plan started by

Diety (Department of Electronics and Information Technology)


  • National e-governance programs by the government of India

e-Dhara, Warana, e-Samadhan, RajNidhi, Lokvani, Bhoomi, Card, Gyandoot


  • First Malayalam newspaper started its internet edition



  • First Indian state which provided email facility to all of its Government offices



  • First Indian state which started its online lottery



  • First Indian state with all of its panchayats computerized



  • First paperless Government office in India

IT Mission


  • First bank started its Malayalam website



  • First university started its online courses



  • First hospital in India which used robot to conduct an operation



  • First pollution free computerized petrol pump of India is in



  • First Indian political party which created its website



  • First computer literate corporation in Kerala



  • First computer literate grama panchayat in Kerala

Chamravattam (Malappuram)


  • First e-literate panchayat in Kerala

Pallichal (Thiruvananthapuram)


  • First fully computerized panchayat in Kerala



  • First e-payment grama panchayat in India



  • First computerized collectorate



  • First computerized Taluk office in India



  • Background image that appears behind the text on a page is called

Water Mark


  • International Institute of Information Technology is located in



  • World’s first bionic human being



  • First Robot to speak at Space

Kirobo (Japan)


  • Microblogging site recently acquired by Yahoo


  • First 3D Television channel started in



  • Computer that defeated Gary Kasparov in Chess competition

Deep Blue (Latest version is Deeper Blue)


  • Official setup for handling Cybercrimes and other techno based crimes in Kerala

HTCEC (Hi-tech Crime Enquiry Cell)


  • Network that requires a point to point connection

Circuit Switched Network


  • Network that not requires dedicated path and data transmitted in the form of a small piece of data called packets

Packet Switched Network


  • Internet works on

Both Circuit Switching and Packet switching

(To be Continued…)

Assistant IT & Cyber Laws

Cyber Laws – 14

മാൽവെയർ, സ്പൈവെയർ, ക്രിപ്‌റ്റോഗ്രഫി, നമ്പർ സിസ്റ്റം, ഫയൽ ടൈപ്പുകൾ, പ്രധാന കമ്പനികളുടെ സ്ലോഗനുകൾ തുടങ്ങിയവയുമായി ബന്ധപ്പെട്ട ചോദ്യങ്ങളാണ് ഇന്നത്തെ പാഠത്തിൽ.

  • General term used to refer malicious software that can harm the computer


  • In Cyberlaw, malware is known as

Computer Contaminant

  • Examples of Malware

Computer viruses, Worms, Trojan horses, Spyware etc

  • The most dangerous computer malware


  • Type of malware that downloads itself onto the computer system through an email or downloaded program


  • Malware that scans computer hard disk automatically for personal information and sends collected data to individuals who created


  • Protection scheme for data which protects our information system from unsecured public network


  • Examples of Firewall software

Comodo, Ashampoo, Agnitum Outpost, Zone Alarm etc

  • Science of secret writing


  • Process of transporting plain text to unreadable scrambled text


  • Encrypted script is known as


  • Reverse process of encryption or the process of converting unreadable cipher text to plain text


  • The word Cryptography originated from

Latin words Kryptos means secret and Graphene means writing

  • Electronic files that are used to identify people and resources over internet

Digital Signature

  • Data that ensure the credibility of the sender, who sends the data over internet

Digital Signature

  • Type of Digital number systems

Decimal systems, Binary systems, Octal Systems and Hexadecimal systems

  • Base of Decimal number systems


  • Base of Binary number systems

2 (0 and 1)

  • Base of Octal number systems


  • Base of HexaDecimal number systems

16 (0-9 and A to F)

  • One’s complement in Binary system is obtained by

Changing its 1’s to 0’s and 0’s to 1’s

  • Two’s complement in Binary system is obtained by

Converting the value to its complement and add 1 to the complement

Decimal   Binary   Octal   Hexadecimal
0          0000        0             0
1          0001        1             1
2          0010        2             2
3          0011        3             3
4          0100        4             4
5          0101        5             5
6          0110        6             6
7          0111        7             7
8          1000       10            8
9          1001       11            9
10         1010       12            A
11         1011       13            B
12         1100       14            C
13         1101       15            D
14         1110       16            E
15         1111       17            F

  • Miracle child in electronics is


  • The word Nano stands for

One billionth part

  • Verification of username and password is known as


  • Specially designed chips that reside other devices such as car or electronic equipment

Embedded Computers

  • Mathematics employed in computer is called

Boolean Algebra

  • Personal computer developed by Intel for the school students


  • Extention .txt is for

Text file

  • Extention .pdf is for

Portable Documet Format file

  • Extention .gif, .bmp is for

Image file

  • Extention .jpg is for

JPEG Image file

  • Extention .mpg, .mov is for

Animation\movie file

  • Extention .mp3 is for

Audio file

  • Extention .html is for

Web page file

  • Theme of 2017 Internet security day (February 7)

Be the change: Unite for better Internet

  • Venue of 2017 world internet conference

Wuzhen, China

  • First (Main) page of a website is known as


  • Deleted files are temporarily stored in

Recycle bin

  • Measurement of bit rate of consumed data of communication resources over a network is known as


  • Slogan of Google

Don’t be evil

  • Slogan of Microsoft

Be what’s next (Old slogan : Your potential, our passion)

  • Slogan of Infosys

Powered by intellect, driven by values

  • Slogan of Wipro

Applying thoughts

(To be Continued…)

Assistant IT & Cyber Laws

Cyber Laws – 13

സൈബർ സെക്യൂരിറ്റിയുമായി ബന്ധപ്പെട്ട പ്രധാന ത്രെറ്റുകൾ, കമ്പ്യൂട്ടർ വൈറസ്, മാൽവെയർ, ട്രോജൻ ഹോഴ്സ് എന്നിവയുമായി ബന്ധപ്പെട്ട ചോദ്യങ്ങളാണ് ഇന്നത്തെ പാഠത്തിൽ ഉൾപ്പെടുത്തിയിരിക്കുന്നത്.

  • Unauthorized copying, reproduction, use or manufacture of product is called

Software Piracy


  • Small program that monitors and retrieve the username or password of network users during their login

Password Sniffer


  • Practice of using the internet to harass or threaten someone is called

Cyber Stalking (e-stalking or Cyber Bullying)


  • How to avoid Cyber Stalking

Do not disclose any personal information, avoid sending photographs to strangers and chat friends, proper disconnection of internet after its use


  • Hacking of websites by password cracking and alteration of contents for fulfilling political objectives or for money is called

Web Jacking


  • Unauthorized changing of data before or during their input to a computer is called

Data Diddling


  • Procurement of identifying information without permission and using it fraudulently to obtain goods and services is called

Identity Theft


  • Unauthorized access to information system is called



  • One who does hacking is called



  • Hacking comes under which section of IT Act 2000

Section 66


  • Hackers who hacking system for good reason

White hat hackers or Ethical hackers


  • Hackers who hacking system for malicious reasons

Blackhat hackers


  • Hackers who hacking system sometimes for good reason and sometimes for malicious reasons

Gray hat hackers


  • Unauthorized use of internet hours paid for by another person is known as

Theft of internet hours


  • A computer connects to the internet that has been compromised by a hacker, computer virus or Trojan horse and can be used for malicious tasks is called



  • Intellectual property rights refer to

Property rights through patents, copyrights and trademarks


  • Intellectual property right violations include

Trademark violations, computer source code theft, patent violation and software piracy


  • Theme of World Intellectual property day 2017

Innovation-Improving Lives


  • Position of India in Intellectual property index 2017



  • An attack meant to shut down a machine or network, making it inaccessible to its intended users

Denial of Service


  • In cyber law, DOS stands for

Denial of Service


  • Examples of Denial of service

Flood a network thereby preventing legitimate network traffic, disrupt connections between two machines, preventing an individual from accessing a service


  • The person who defined the term Computer Virus

Fred Cohen


  • A computer program that can damage the operations of a computer system



  • The term VIRUS stands for

Vital Information Resource Under Siege (Virtual InformationResources Under Seize)


  • First computer virus

Creeper (As per PSC)


  • First computer virus for MS DOS



  • First computer virus affected on ARPANET (ancient form of internet)



  • Creeper was developed by

Bob Thomas


  • First microcomputer virus

Elk Cloner


  • First virus affected personal computer



  • First mobile phone virus



  • Virus program writing programmers



  • Examples for computer viruses

TEXAS, Blaster, Nimda, I Love you, Guppy, Melissa, Slammer


  • Recently happened cyber attack across 150 countries in the world

Wanna Cry


  • Wanna Cry spread through



  • First country in which Wanna Cry attack reported for the first time

Panama (1989)


  • Wanna Cry is an example of



  • Program that makes the user unable to access the system and demanding some form of payments to unlock



  • Operating system being attacked by Wanna Cry



  • Ransomware that affected different countries including India recently



  • Examples of Ransomware

Golden Eye, Cryptolocker, Locky, Crysis, ZCrypt, Powerware, Hydra Crypt, Cerber, Cryptowall


  • Ad click malware that affected Google play applications recently

Judy, Skinner, False Guide


  • Computer software which is used to prevent, delete and detect the presence of Virus in Computer



  • Examples of antivirus programs

Avast, Avira, AVG, Kaspersky, Norton, McAfee


  • Subclass of computer virus that can replicate itself through network connections to any machine without human intervention



  • Malware which appears to be useful applications but allows the hacker to take control of the system

Trojan Horse


  • Facts about Trojan horse

They are not viruses, it does not replicate itself


  • Trojans which are activated at a certain time are called

Time bombs


  • Peace of code inserted into a software that will execute its malicious function when the specified conditions are met

Logic Bomb


  • Program that automatically renders advertisements in order to generate revenue for its author



  • Software that can record every keystroke we make using keyboard


(To be Continued…)

Assistant IT & Cyber Laws

Cyber Laws – 12

സൈബർ നിയമങ്ങൾ, സൈബർ കുറ്റകൃത്യങ്ങൾ എന്നീ പ്രധാന ഭാഗങ്ങളുമായി ബന്ധപ്പെട്ട ചോദ്യങ്ങളാണ് ഇന്നത്തെ പാഠത്തിൽ ഉൾപ്പെടുത്തിയിരിക്കുന്നത്.

  • First cyber law in India

IT Act 2000


  • IT Act 2000 was enacted on

9th June 2000


  • IT Act 2000 came into force on

17th October 2000


  • Four types of cyber laws are

Laws relating to digital contracts, digital property, digital rights, and cyber crimes


  • The headquarters of Asian school of cyber laws



  • First cyber crime police station in India



  • First cyber post office in India



  • First cyber forensic laboratory in India



  • First cyber police station in Kerala

Pattom, Thiruvananthapuram


  • No of chapters and sections in IT Act 2000

13 chapters and 94 sections


  • Regulatory authority of IT Act 2000

Controller of certifying authority appointed by the central government


  • IT regulations 2001 came into force on

9th July 2001


  • Cyber offenses according to IT Act 2000

Tampering with computer document, Hacking with a computer system, Intrusion into a protected system, Misrepresentation, Confiscation


  • The term Electronic signature was introduced by

IT Act (Amendment) 2008


  • IT Amendment Act 2008 giving more focus on

Information Security


  • No of chapters and sections in IT Act 2008

124 sections and 14 Chapters


  • IT Amendment Act 2008 was passed by the houses of parliament on

23rd and 24th December 2008


  • IT Amendment Act 2008 received presidential assent on

5th February 2009


  • IT Amendment Act 2008 came into force on

27th October 2009


  • According to IT Amendment Act 2008 who is responsible for investigating cyber crimes

Any Police officer not below the rank of deputy superintendent of police (DSP)


  • First cybercrime in the World was registered against

Joseph Marie Jacquard


  • First cybercrime in India was registered against

Arif Asim


  • First Asian country to enforce cyber laws



  • Nodal agency in India that deals with cyber threats

CERT-IN (Indian Computer Emergency Response Team ICERT)


  • CERT-IN was established in



  • Who is responsible for blocking websites in India



  • CERT-IN serves as

National agency for incident response


  • Tribunal formed to handle the disputes in cyber laws

Cyber Appellate Tribunal (Initially called as Cyber Regulations Appellate Tribunal-CRAT)


  • CRAT was established in



  • Cybercrime is defined as

A crime in which a computer is the object of the crime


  • Cybercrime in which computer is a target

Virus\Worm\Trojan horse attack, Hacking, Denial of Service attack etc


  • Cybercrime in which computer is a weapon

IPR violations, credit card frauds, pornography, Cyberterrorism


  • Unauthorized access to another person’s company’s data is called



  • Act of any intentional false communication that harms the reputation of an individual, business, product, government or nation is called

Defamation (Also known as Calumny, Vilification, or Traducement)


  • Practice of sending fake emails in the name of reputed companies to retrieve personal information such as passwords and credit card numbers



  • Counterfeit currency notes, postage and revenue stamps, mark sheets etc can be forged using sophisticated computers, printers and scanners is called as



  • Impersonation of another person is considering as



  • Repeatedly sending an email message to a particular address to abuses is called as

Email bombing


  • Email bombing is considered as a type of

Denial of Service attack


  • Use of emails for sending unsolicited bulk emails (spams) and commercial messages over the internet

Email Spamming


  • Creation of email messages with fake sender address to mislead the recipient

Email Spoofing


  • Email spamming and phishing users

Email Spoofing


  • Technique commonly used to hide the origin of Email message

Email Spoofing


  • Email spoofing in India charges the offender for forgery under section

IPC 463


  • Portrayal of sexual acts for the purpose of sexual excitement



  • Persons who intentionally prey upon children are known as


(To be Continued…)

Assistant IT & Cyber Laws

Cyber Laws – 11

വെബ് ബ്രൗസേർസ്, സേർച്ച് എൻജിനുകൾ, സോഷ്യൽ മീഡിയ, ഇ-കോമേഴ്‌സ് എന്നിവയുമായി ബന്ധപ്പെട്ട ചോദ്യങ്ങളാണ് ഇന്നത്തെ പാഠത്തിൽ ഉൾപ്പെടുത്തിയിരിക്കുന്നത്.

  • Software application to retrieve and view information over world wide web

Web browser


  • The first web browser is



  • Nexus was invented by

Tim Berners Lee (1990)


  • Safari web browser was developed by

Apple in 2003


  • Web browser Internet Explorer was introduced by



  • Web browser used in Windows 10

Microsoft Edge


  • Web browser Internet Explorer was introduced in



  • Web browser developed by Google

Google Chrome


  • Examples of Web browsers

Google Chrome, Opera, Mozilla Firefox, Safari, Epic, Internet Explorer


  • Examples of Mobile Browsers

UC Browser, Opera Mini, Chrome, Dolphin


  • The process of visiting a number of websites in rapid succession is called



  • First Web browser developed in India



  • Epic browser was developed by

Hidden Reflex, Bengaluru


  • Epic was released on

29th August 2013


  • Software that is designed to search for information on world wide web

Search Engines


  • First search engine in the world

Archie (1990)


  • Important search engines are

Google, Yahoo, Bing,


  • Search engine launched by DEITY (Department of Electronics and Information Technology) to search tourism related information



  • Search engine developed by Microsoft



  • Important social networking sites are

Facebook, Whatsapp, Google Plus, Twitter, LinkedIn, My Space, Meet me, Skype


  • Facebook was started in the year



  • Founder of Facebook

Mark Zuckerberg


  • First Indian company to be acquired by Facebook

Little Eye Labs


  • Video sharing app developed for Facebook users

Facebook Watch


  • Social media which started a music app # Music in 2015



  • Discussion or International site published on world wide web



  • Blog is a short form of

Web Log


  • The word Blog was coined by

Peter Merholz


  • Which is known as SMS in the world of internet



  • Messages posted on Twitter are known as



  • Information that written in a Blog is known as



  • Social networking site Orkut was owned by



  • Facebook acquired Whatsapp in



  • Methode for sharing the location of the user in Whatsapp to others is known as

Live Location


  • Orkut was closed in

30 September 2014


  • The selling and buying of products and services through an electronic medium is called

E-Commerce (Electronic commerce)


  • Examples of e-commerce sites

Flipkart, Snapdeal, Amazone, eBay, Alibaba, Jabong, Myntra


  • Headquarters of Flipkart



  • Flipkart was started by

Sachin Bansal and Binny Bansal


  • Flipkart was started in



  • Chairman of e-commerce site Alibaba

Jack Ma


  • Founder of e-commerce site Amazon

Jeffrey P Bezos


  • Different categories of e-commerce

B2B (Business to Business), B2C (Business to Customer), C2B and C2C


  • Internet-based computing that provides shared resources and data to computers and other devices on demand

Cloud Computing


  • Free and open source suite developed for setting up a cloud computing environment



  • Meghdoot was developed by



  • An attack accomplished by using the internet to break into computers and using them to attack a network is called

Distributed DOS


  • Hardware devices that are not part of the main computer and are often added later to the system



  • Silicon Valley of India



  • Which is referred as Silicosapience


(To be Continued…)