Categories
Assistant General Science

Biology – 09

രക്തം,രക്തകോശങ്ങൾ, ഗ്രൂപ്പുകൾ എന്നിവയുമായി ബന്ധപ്പെട്ട ചോദ്യങ്ങളാണ്  പാഠത്തിൽ.

  • Blood circulation was discovered by

William Harvey

 

  • Tissues in the form of liquid in human body

Blood

 

  • Hormones are transported by

Blood

 

  • Which is called as the river of life

Blood

 

  • Study of blood

Hematology

 

  • The liquid portion of blood is called

Plasma

 

  • Level of plasma in blood is

55%

 

  • Percentage of water in plasma

90%

 

  • Examples of blood proteins are

Albumin, Globulin, and Fibrinogen

 

  • Blood proteins are secreted by

Liver

 

  • Blood protein which helps in blood clotting

Fibrinogen

 

  • Blood protein which acts as antibodies

Globulin

 

  • Blood protein which controls blood pressure

Albumin

 

  • Blood groups and Rh factor are discovered by

Karl Landsteiner

 

  • Substances which are capable of stimulating the formation of antibodies

Antigen

 

  • Blood group without antigen

O

 

  • Blood group without antibody

AB

 

  • Blood group which is called as the universal recipient

AB

 

  • Blood group which is called as the universal donor

O

 

  • Most common blood group

O +ve

 

  • Rarest blood group

AB -ve

 

  • Blood with Rh antigen is considered as

Positive group

 

  • Examples of artificial blood

Haemopure and Polyheme

 

  • Iron content pigment which gives Red color to blood

Hemoglobin

 

  • Which is called as respiratory pigment (Pigment which helps in transportation of Oxygen)

Hemoglobin

 

  • Protein part of Hemoglobin

Globin

 

  • Formation of blood cells are known as

Hemopoiesis

 

  • Hemoglobin is present in

Red Blood Corpuscles (RBC) or Erythrocytes

 

  • Blood cells which give immunity to the body

White Blood Corpuscles (WBC) Or Leucocytes

 

  • Blood cells which help in blood clotting

Platelets (Erythrocytes)

 

  • Protein which helps in blood clotting

Fibrinogen

 

  • Mineral which helps in blood clotting

Calcium

 

  • Enzyme which helps in blood clotting

Thrombokinase

 

  • Normal time for blood clotting

3-8 Minutes

 

  • Blood plasma without clotting factor

Serum

 

  • Organ known as Graveyard of RBC

Spleen

 

  • Organ known as Blood bank in the body (Reservoir of blood)

Spleen

 

  • Deficiency of RBC causes the disease

Anemia

 

  • Abnormal rise in the count of RBC known as

Polycythemia

 

  • Blood cells having no nucleus

RBC and Platelets

 

  • Only mammal having a nucleus in RBC

Camel

 

  • Blood cells having no colors

WBC and Platelets

 

  • Lifespan of RBC

120 Days

 

  • Lifespan of WBC

15 Days

 

  • Lifespan of Platelets

4-7 Days

 

  • RBC and Platelets are produced in

Bone marrow

 

  • WBC produced at

Spleen, Lymph glands, and bone marrow

 

  • Order of count of different blood cells

RBC> Platelets> WBC

 

  • Blood cells producing antibodies

WBC

 

  • Study of blood vessels and lymphatics

Angiology

 

  • Substances that resisting our body from disease-causing organisms

Antibodies

 

  • Over production of WBC causes

Leukemia

 

  • Deficiency of WBC causes the disease

Leukopenia

 

  • 5 Types of WBC

Neutrophil, Basophil, Eosinophil, Monocyte, Lymphocyte

 

  • Largest blood cell

WBC

 

  • Largest WBC

Monocyte

 

  • Smallest WBC

Lymphocyte

 

  • Proportion of RBC and WBC in human body

5000:1

 

  • Colored connective tissue

Blood

 

  • Colorless connective tissue

Lymph

 

  • Process of blood clotting in wounds is called

Coagulation

 

  • An anticoagulant in blood that prevents coagulation in blood vessels

Heparin

 

  • Heparin is produced by

Basophil

 

  • Clotting of blood in blood vessels is called

Thrombosis

 

  • Block in artery is removed by

Angioplasty

 

  • Inability of clotting of blood is called

Haemophilia

 

  • Hereditary disease which is called as Christmas disease

Haemophilia

 

  • Amount of blood in a healthy person

5-6 Liters

 

  • Normal blood pressure of a man

120/80 mm Hg (120 systolic pressure, 80 Diastolic pressure)

 

  • Which is called as the Silent killer

High Blood pressure (Hypertension)

 

  • Instrument used to measure blood pressure

Sphygmomanometer (Inventor: Julius Harison)

 

  • During the sleeping time, blood pressure

Decrease


(To be Continued…)