Categories
Assistant General Science

Biology – 05

ഹോർമോണുകളും ഗ്രന്ഥികളുമായി ബന്ധപ്പെട്ട ചോദ്യങ്ങളാണ് ഇന്നത്തെ പാഠത്തിൽ ഉൾപ്പെടുത്തിയിരിക്കുന്നത്.

  • Study of origin of human

Anthropogenesis

 

  • Scientific name of man

Homo sapiens

 

  • Genus to which man belongs

Homo

 

  • Species to which man belongs

Sapiens

 

  • Study of glands and hormones of the body

Endocrinology

 

  • Glands which produces their secretions through particular ducts

Ducted glands

 

  • Examples of ducted glands

Lachrymal glands, salivary glands, liver and sweat glands

 

  • Glands which leaves secretions directly into the blood system

Ductless glands

 

  • Examples of ductless glands

Endocrine glands

 

  • Non-nutrient chemical messengers of the body

Hormones

 

  • The term hormone was first coined by

EH Starling

 

  • First discovered hormone

Secretin

 

  • Largest gland in human body

Liver

 

  • Largest endocrine gland in human body

Thyroid gland

 

  • Only one heterocrine gland (which acts as both endocrine and exocrine) in human body

Pancreas

 

  • Part of brain that controls secretion of pituitary hormones

Hypothalamus

 

  • Only one neurocrine gland in human body

Hypothalamus

 

  • Hormones produced by Hypothalamus

Oxytocin, Vasopressin

 

  • Hormone which is called as ADH (Anti Diuretic Hormone)

Vasopressin

 

  • Water balance in the body is mainly controlled by

ADH

 

  • Hormone which helps in the contraction of uterus during parturition

Oxytocin

 

  • Condition of excessive thirst and the excretion of excess urine due to the insufficient Vasopressin in the body is known as

Diabetes insipidus

 

  • Gland which is known as master gland

Pituitary gland

 

  • Hormones produced by Pituitary glands

Somatotrophic hormone

 

  • Hormone which is called as growth hormone

Somatotrophic hormone

 

  • Glands which controls other glands

Pituitary glands

 

  • Milk-secreting hormones produced by Pituitary glands

Prolactin

 

  • Outer part of adrenal gland is known as

Adrenal cortex

 

  • Inner part of adrenal gland is known as

Adrenal medulla

 

  • Adrenal glands situated over

Kidney

 

  • Adrenal medulla producing hormones

Adrenaline and noradrenaline

 

  • Hormones called as emergency hormones or hormones of flight\fight

Adrenaline and noradrenaline

 

  • Hormones which increasing the heartbeat and blood pressure

Adrenaline and noradrenaline

 

  • Hormone which is called as Surgical hormone

Nor-adrenaline

 

  • Hormone which is injecting after surgery to control the blood pressure

Nor-adrenaline

 

  • Group of hormones produced by Adrenal cortex is commonly called

Corticoids

 

  • Salt retaining hormone in human body

Aldosterone

 

  • Gland which is called as 3F and 4S gland

Adrenal gland

 

  • Sex hormones are produced by

Adrenal cortex

 

  • Largest endocrine gland in human body

Thyroid gland

 

  • Hormones produced by thyroid glands

Thyroxine and calcitonin

 

  • Mineral present in Thyroxine which is essential for the metabolism

Iodine

 

  • Mineral which is required for the healthy functioning of thyroid gland

Iodine

 

  • Major function of thyroid gland is to

Control growth and metamorphosis

 

  • Enlargement of thyroid gland due to the insufficient iodine is called

Simple goitre

 

  • Hormones secreted by Pancreas

Insulin and Glucagon

 

  • Digestive juice produced by pancreas

Pancreatic juice

 

  • Insulin-producing tissues in pancreas is known as

Islets of Langerhans

 

  • Alpha cells and Beta cells are present in

Islets of Langerhans

 

  • Hormones secreted by Alpha cells

Glucagon

 

  • Hormones secreted by Beta cells

Insulin

 

  • Disease caused by the deficiency of insulin

Diabetes

 

  • Insulin produced outside human body

Humulin

 

  • Normal value of blood sugar in human blood

80 to 120mg/100ml

 

  • Condition of excretion of sugar through urine when its level in blood exceeds 150mg is called

Diabetes Mellitus

 

  • Hormone which converts excess glucose into glycogen

Insulin

 

  • Hormone which re-converts glycogen into glucose

Glucagon


(To be Continued…)