Assistant General Science

Biology – 04

വിറ്റാമിനുകളെ കുറിച്ചുള്ള കൂടുതൽ വിവരങ്ങളാണ് ഇന്നത്തെ പാഠത്തിൽ ഉൾപ്പെടുത്തിയിരിക്കുന്നത്.

  • The name Vitamin was coined by

Casimir Funk


  • No of Vitamins discovered yet



  • No of Vitamins in B complex



  • Fat soluble Vitamins are

A, D, E, and K


  • Water-soluble Vitamins are

B and C


  • Vitamins produced in small intestine due to the action of bacteria are

Vitamin B7, B5, K


  • Nutrients which is  known as co-enzyme



  • Most important vitamin required for the health of eyes

Vitamin A


  • Vitamin which is abundant in green leafy vegetables

Vitamin A


  • Pigment which is known as provitamin A

Beta Carotene


  • Vitamin which is abundant in milk

Vitamin A


  • Vitamin which is abundant in bran

Vitamin B


  • Vitamin which is sensitive to light

Vitamin B2


  • Vitamin which gives pale yellow color to the milk is

Vitamin B2


  • Vitamin lost if milk is exposed to sunlight for a long time

Vitamin B2


  • Vitamin which is previously called as Vitamin H

Vitamin B7


  • Vitamin which prevent premature graying of hair and hair loss

Vitamin B7


  • Vitamin which contains the element Cobalt

Vitamin B12


  • Man made form of Vitamin B12, used to treat Vitamin B12 deficiency diseases



  • Main function of Cobalt in Vitamin B12

Absorption of Iron


  • The first artificially synthesized vitamin is

Vitamin C


  • Vitamin which deteriorates through cooking and canning of food

Vitamin C


  • Vitamin which give immunity to our body and helps to heal the wound

Vitamin C


  • Vitamin which improve the absorption of iron into blood

Vitamin C


  • Vitamin which excreted through urine

Vitamin C


  • Bleeding from gums occurs due to the deficiency of

Vitamin C


  • Relatively large doses of ascorbic acid may cause

Indigestion and diarrhea


  • Vitamin which is produced in the human body by the action of ultraviolet rays on the cholesterol present in the skin

Vitamin D


  • Vitamin required for the proper development of bones and cartilage is

Vitamin D


  • Vitamin which helps to increase the rate of absorption of calcium into the body

Vitamin D


  • Two forms of vitamin D are

Vitamin 2 (Ergosterol), Vitamin D3 (Colcalciferol)


  • Vitamin which helps to protect the heart

Vitamin E


  • Vitamin which abundant in egg yolk is

Vitamin E


  • Vitamin which helps blood clotting by forming prothrombin after an injury

Vitamin K


  • Vitamin known as Sunshine vitamin

Vitamin D


  • Vitamin known as Fresh food vitamin

Vitamin C


  • Vitamin known as Anti-sterility vitamin

Vitamin E


  • Vitamin known as Beauty vitamin

Vitamin E


  • Vitamin known as Hormone vitamin

Vitamin D


  • Vitamin known as anti ricketic vitamin

Vitamin D


  • Vitamin known as Coagulation vitamin

Vitamin K


  • Vitamin known as anti pellagra vitamin

Vitamin B3


  • Deficiency of vitamin A causes

Xerophthalmia and night blindness


  • Deficiency of vitamin B1 causes



  • Deficiency of vitamin B3 causes



  • Deficiency of vitamin B9 causes



  • Deficiency of vitamin B12 causes

Perinicious anaemia


  • Deficiency of vitamin C causes



  • Deficiency of vitamin D causes

Rickets in children and Osteomalacia in adults


  • Deficiency of vitamin E causes



  • Deficiency of vitamin K causes


(To be Continued…)