Categories
Assistant General Science

Biology – 03

പ്രോട്ടീൻ, ഫാറ്റ്, മിനറൽസ്, ജലം തുടങ്ങിയ പോഷക ഘടകങ്ങളും വിറ്റാമിനുകളുടെ രാസനാമങ്ങളുമാണ് ഇന്നത്തെ പാഠത്തിൽ ഉൾപ്പെടുത്തിയിരിക്കുന്നത്.

  • Proteins are made up of

Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen and Nitrogen

 

  • Functions of proteins are

Building up of body, growth and repair

 

  • Nutrients known as bodybuilders

Protein

 

  • During starvation, which nutrient serve as source of energy

Protein

 

  • Basic building units of Proteins

Amino acids

 

  • Highest percentage of Protein (72%) is present in

Soyabean

 

  • Digestion of Carbohydrate begins in

Mouth

 

  • Digestion of Protein begins in

Stomach

 

  • Deficiency of protein in children causes

Marasmus and Kwashiorkor

 

  • Nutrient which turns yellow with Nitric acid

Protein

 

  • Simple unit of fat is

Triglyceride

 

  • Simple unit of Carbohydrate is

Glucose

 

  • Function of fat is

Serves as stored food for production of energy

 

  • Energy sources in human body

Fats and Carbohydrates

 

  • Main sources of fats are

Groundnuts, almonds, ghee, butter etc

 

  • Energy provided by one gram of Carbohydrate is

4 Calorie

 

  • Energy provided by one gram of Protein is

4.1 Calorie

 

  • Energy provided by one gram of Fat is

9.3 Calorie

 

  • Inorganic substances required by body in small quantities

Minerals

 

  • Minerals required for the production of haemoglobin

Iron

 

  • Minerals required for the production of Insulin

Zinc

 

  • Min daily requirement of Iron for an adult

10 mg

 

  • Deficiency of Calcium causes

Tetany (Muscles), Osteoporosis (Bones), Stunted growth

 

  • Minerals required in large amount (Macro minerals)

Sodium, Chlorine, Potassium, Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium and Sulphur

 

  • Minerals required by the body in traces are (Micro minerals)

Iron, Zinc, Iodine, Selenium, Copper, Manganese etc

 

  • Percentage of water in human body

65%

 

  • Quantity of water in body of a healthy person

35-40 Liter

 

  • Water content of Plasma

92%

 

  • Quantity of Plasma in blood

55%

 

  • Deficiency of Iron in human body causes

Anemia

 

  • Deficiency of Sodium in human body causes

Improper muscle contraction

 

  • Deficiency of Iodine in human body causes

Goiter, Cretinism, Myxodema

 

  • Deficiency of Zinc in human body causes

Reduced respiration

 

  • Chemical name of Vitamin A

Retinol

 

  • Chemical name of Vitamin B1

Thiamin

 

  • Chemical name of Vitamin B2

Riboflavin

 

  • Chemical name of Vitamin B3

Niacin (Nicotinic Acid)

 

  • Chemical name of Vitamin B5

Pantothenic acid

 

  • Chemical name of Vitamin B6

Pyridoxine

 

  • Chemical name of Vitamin B7

Biotin

 

  • Chemical name of Vitamin B9

Folic acid

 

  • Chemical name of Vitamin B12

Cobalamin

 

  • Chemical name of Vitamin C

Ascorbic acid

 

  • Chemical name of Vitamin D

Calciferol

 

  • Chemical name of Vitamin E

Tocopherol

 

  • Chemical name of Vitamin K

Phylloquinone


(To be Continued…)