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Assistant General Science

Biology – 01

ജീവശാസ്ത്രത്തിലേക്ക് കടക്കുമ്പോൾ പ്രധാന ശാസ്ത്രജ്ഞന്മാരും കോശങ്ങളുമായി ബന്ധപ്പെട്ട ചോദ്യങ്ങളാണ് ഉൾപ്പെടുത്തിയിട്ടുള്ളത്.

  • The branch of science that deals with the study of living things

Biology

 

  • The term ‘Biology’ was coined by

Lamarck

 

  • The term ‘species’ was coined by

John Ray

 

  • Father of Biology

Aristotle

 

  • Father of Zoology

Aristotle

 

  • Father of Botany

Theophrastus

 

  • Father of Modern Botany

Carl Linnaeus

 

  • Father of Indian Botany

William Roxburgh

 

  • Scientist who discovered that the body of plant is made up of cells

MJ Schleiden

 

  • Scientist who discovered that the body of animal is made up of cells

Theodor Schwann

 

  • Nucleus was discovered by

Robert Brown

 

  • Structural and functional unit of life

Cell

 

  • The word ‘cell’ was derived from the Latin word ‘cellula’ meaning

Small room

 

  • Study of cells

Cytology

 

  • Cell was discovered by

Robert Hooke

 

  • A group of cells form a

Tissue

 

  • Study of tissue

Histology

 

  • Scientist who formulated the cell theory

MJ Schleiden and Theodor Schwann

 

  • Scientist who suggested that all new cells are derived from pre-existing cells by division (Modify cell theory)

Rudolf Virchow

 

  • Outermost covering of a plant cell is made up of

Cell wall

 

  • Outermost covering of an animal cell is made up of

Cell membrane

 

  • Cell wall is made up of

Cell wall

 

  • Cell wall is

Hardest and undigestable sugar, Abscent in animal cells

 

  • Liquid found inside the cell is

Cytosol (Cytoplasm)

 

  • Fluid living content of a cell that consists of Cytoplasm and Nucleoplasm

Protoplasm

 

  • Physical basis of life is

Protoplasm

 

  • Cell without nucleus is called

Prokaryotic Cell

 

  • Cell with nucleus is called

Eukaryotic Cell

 

  • Cell organelle which converts oxygen and nutrients into energy

Mitochondria

 

  • Powerhouse of a cell

Mitochondria

 

  • In mitochondria, energy is stored in the form of

ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate)

 

  • Energy currency of a cell

ATP

 

  • Kreb’s cycle takes place in

Mitochondria

 

  • Cell organelle which helps in protein synthesis

Ribosomes

 

  • Suicidal bags in cells

Lysosome

 

  • Enzyme present in lysosome

Hydrolytic enzymes

 

  • Secretory of the Cell

Golgi Complex

 

  • Cell organelle present in animal cells and not in Plant cell is

Centrioles

 

  • Skeletal system of the cell

Golgi Bodies

 

  • Genetic material of the cell

DNA

 

  • Brain of the cell

Nucleus

 

  • Kitchen of the cell

Chloroplast

 

  • Cell division that takes place in plant and animals for growth

Mitosis

 

  • Cell division that takes place in germ cells for the formation of gametes

Meiosis

 

  • Largest Cell

Egg of Ostrich

 

  • Smallest Cell

Mycoplasma

 

  • Largest Cell in human

Ovum

 

  • Smallest Cell in human

Sperm

 

  • Longest Cell in human

Neuron

 

  • Largest no of Cells in human body

Red Blood Cells (RBC)

 

  • Blood cell having longest lifespan in human

Red Blood Cells


(To be Continued…)